Sixty years after its first edition, there is an increasing consensus among scholars that the work posthumously published as Philosophical Investigations represents something that is far from a complete picture of Wittgenstein’s second book project. G.H. von Wright’s seminal research on the Nachlass was an important contribution in this direction, showing that the Wittgenstein papers can reveal much more than the source of specific remarks. This book specifically explores Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations from the different angles of its originary conceptions, including the mathematical texts, shedding new light on fundamental issues in twentieth century and contemporary philosophy. Leading authorities in the field focus on newly published or hitherto unpublished sources for the interpretation of Wittgenstein’s later work and a Wittgenstein typescript, translated for the first time into English, is included as an appendix.
"There are countless books on Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations but almost none that focus on issues surrounding its genesis. This collection fills that gap and more – its contributors raise questions about the links between the style and form of Wittgenstein’s writings in relation to the aims and ambitions of his philosophy. It will be especially useful for those wishing to learn more about the continuity and character of Wittgenstein’s philosophical approach." -- Daniel D. Hutto, University of Hertfordshire, UK
Introduction A Composite Work of Art Nuno Venturinha Part I Argumentative Uses 1. Religious Language as Paradigmatic of Language in General: Wittgenstein’s 1933 Lectures Gabriel Citron 2. Wittgenstein’s Blue Book: Reading between the Lines Jonathan Smith 3. Wittgenstein and His Audience: Esotericist or Evangelist? James C. Klagge 4. The Philosophical Investigations and Syncretistic Writing Alois Pichler 5. The Role of the Big Typescript in Wittgenstein’s Later Writings Joachim Schulte Part II The Significance of Logic and Mathematics 6. Logic and Ideality: Wittgenstein’s Way beyond Apriorism, Empiricism and Conventionalism in the Philosophy of Logic Oskari Kuusela 7. Kant and Wittgenstein: The Matter of Transcendental Arguments P.M.S. Hacker 8. Wittgenstein in the mid-1930s: Calculi and Language-games Andrew Lugg 9. Wittgenstein on Rules in Language and Mathematics Severin Schroeder 10. The Form of Proofs: Wittgenstein vs. Principia Mathematica André Maury Addendum: A Wittgenstein Typescript Edited by Nuno Venturinha with an English Translation by James M. Thompson