The field of thinking has undergone a revolution in recent years, opening itself up to new perspectives and applications. The traditional focus on laboratory-based thinking has transformed as theoretical work is now being applied to new contexts and real-world issues. This volume presents a state-of-the-art survey of human thinking in everyday life, based around, and in tribute to, one of the field’s most eminent figures: Ken Manktelow.
In this collection of cutting-edge research, Manktelow’s collaborators and colleagues review a wide range of important and developing areas of inquiry. This book explores modern perspectives on a variety of traditional and contemporary topics, including Wason’s reasoning tasks, logic, meta-reasoning, and the effect of environment and context on reasoning.
The Thinking Mind offers a unique combination of breadth, depth, theoretical exploration and real-world applications, making it an indispensable resource for researchers and students of human thinking.
Table of Contents
1. A brief history of the Wason selection task 2. The "defective" truth table: its past, present, and future 3. Pragmatic factors in Wason's 2-4-6 task: implications for real-world hypothesis testing 4. Thinking and deciding beyond the brain 5. Deontic reasoning and social norms: broader implications 6. Certainty and action 7. Belief bias, base rates and moral judgment: re-evaluating the default interventionist dual process account 8. Dual frames in causal reasoning and other types of thinking 9. Reasoning in everyday life 10. Moral reasoning 11. Rationality and backward induction in Centipede games 12. Scams and rationality: Dutch book arguments are not all they are cracked up to be 13. If Easterners are illogical when reasoning, then what does this mean? 14. From reasoning and intelligence research to information design: understanding and optimising the usability and acceptability of schematic transit maps 15. How mood affects reasoning 16. Toward a rationality quotient (RQ): the Comprehensive Assessment of Rational Thinking (CART)
Niall Galbraith is Senior Lecturer in the Institute of Psychology, University of Wolverhampton, UK
Erica Lucas is Senior Lecturer and Academic Group Leader in the School of Psychology, Sport and Exercise at Staffordshire University, UK
David E. Over is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Psychology, Durham University, UK