The value of the book lies in its reassessment of the distinctive features of the Chicago School, of its contributions in the theoretical and methodological fields and of its influence on the growth of sociology throughout the world and in America in particular. The book pays particularly close attention to the eclectic nature of the research methods used by the Chicago sociologists as they sought to integrate subjective and objective aspects of human life. It demonstrates that this eclecticism formed an integral part of their theories but also emphasises that empirical observation, too, was important, although not as an end in itself. While, for example, they were working on the concepts of organization, marginality and interaction, they did not consider these as ends in themselves but as additions to the development of a more general theoretical approach. Often in the past, and wrongly, Chicago’s theoretical contribution has been restricted to the urban sector. The book clearly and unequivocally reveals how the tendency to see the Chicago School as a 'theoretical' is the result of misinterpretation and of a failure to realize that, for the sociologists of the period, understanding the social dynamics of the city of Chicago was tantamount to interpreting the central tendencies of modern society itself. The book analyzes how empirical observation was important but not an end in itself. The Chicago School developed a profusion of sociological theories in many areas of inquiry and never opted for any one particular approach. The various essays in the book also make it clear that the School decisively contributed to the development of qualitative and quantitative techniques.
Table of Contents
Contents: Theoretical Problematic: The Gothic foundation of Robert E. Park’s conception of race and culture; The contribution of Georg Simmel to the foundation of theory at the Chicago School of Sociology; The neighbourhood and deviance in the Chicago School, a relationistic interpretation; The place of the Chicago School of Sociology in the study of nationality and ethnicity. Methodological Approach: Chicago sociology and the empirical impulse: its implications for sociological theorizing; Chicago methods: reputations and realities; Seventy years of fieldwork in sociology, from Nels Anderson’s The Hobo to Elijah Anderson’s Streetwise; One hundred years of methodological research, the example of Chicago. Important Sociologists From Chicago And The Actuality Of The Chicago Approach: George Herbert Mead’s transformation of his intellectual context; Erving Goffman: a symbolic interactionist?; Persistence and change: fundamental elements in Herbert Blumer’s metatheoretical perspective; The sociology of ’going concerns’, Everett Hughes’ interpretive institutional ecology; The Chicago School of Sociology’s heritage in Polish sociology; Index; Contributors.