European armed forces have undergone deep changes in the past two decades. Given the breadth of the debate and the size of transformations that took place, it is somewhat surprising that relatively few academic studies have directly dealt with changes in force structure of European militaries, and the Italian armed forces in particular. The focus of this book is the organizational dimension of the restructuring of armed forces through 3 different lenses: doctrine and strategic framework, budget and resource allocation, and force structure and deployment. The key issues addressed relate to how these factors interact in shaping transformation. Of particular interest is the theme of learning, which is how armed forces endogenize change in the short and long run. This study provides valuable insights into the extent to which armed forces manage to adapt to the emerging strategic and operational challenges they have to face and to illustrate the weight of institutional legacies, resource constraints and inter-organizational learning in shaping transformation. Focusing on the Italian case in comparative perspective and based on a large variety of military operations from airstrikes to peacekeeping and counterinsurgency, the book provides an innovative viewpoint on military transformation and significantly contributes to our understanding of contemporary security that is deeply shaped by the lessons learnt in Afghanistan, Lebanon, Iraq and Libya.
Fabrizio Coticchia is Research Fellow at the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Pisa). He obtained a PhD in Political Systems and Institutional Change at the IMT (Lucca Institute for Advanced Studies). His fields of research are contemporary warfare, strategic culture, public opinion and military operations, Italian and European defence policy, development cooperation. He holds postgraduate courses on geopolitics, theories of international relations and security studies. Francesco N. Moro is a Research Fellow at the University of Milan-Bicocca. His research focuses on defence and national security policies, regular and irregular armed groups, organized crime and collective violence. He has taught/conducted research at the University of Florence, MIT's Center for International Studies, Johns Hopkins University Bologna Center, and at The Institute of Military Aeronautical Sciences of the Italian Air Force.
'Overall, the book is well structured, comprehensible and certainly succeeds in opening the “black box” of change... The volume is suited for an audience that already has a background in IR or Strategic Studies or is familiar with defence studies and wants to gain deeper insight into contemporary military organisations and their recent transformations.'--Karolina Muti, University of Bologna, The International Spectator