First published in English in1966, The True and The Evident is a translation of Franz Brentano’s posthumous Wahrheit und Evidenz, edited by Oscsar Kraus. The book includes Brentano’s influential lecture "On the Concept of Truth", read before the Vienna Philosophical Society, a variety of essays, drawn from the immense wealth of Brentano’s unpublished material, and letters written by him to Marty, Kraus Hillebrand, and Husserl.
Brentano rejects the familiar versions of the "correspondence theory of truth" and proposes to define the true in terms of the evident. In criticising the metaphysical assumptions presupposed by the correspondence theory, he sets forth a conception of language and reality that has subsequently become known as "reism".
Table of Contents
Part 1: The Earlier View I. On the Concept of Truth II. Being in the Sense of the True III. Descartes’ Classification of Mental Phenomena IV. WindelBand’s Error with Respect to the Classification of Mental Phenomena V. Critique of Sigwart’s Theory of the Existential and the Negative Judgement VI. On the Evident: Critique of Descartes and Sigwart Part 2: Transition to the Later View I. Grammatical Abstracta as Linguistic Fictions II. The Equivocal use of the Term ‘Existent’ III. Language Part 3. The Later View as set forth in Letters I. On the so-called ‘Immanent or Intentional Object’ II. Ens Rationis and Ens Irreale III. Oppostion to the So-called Contents of Judgement, Propositions, Objectives, States of Affairs Part 4. The Later View as set forth in Essays I. On the Existence of Contents and the Doctrine of the Adequatio Rei et Intellectus II. On the Meaning of "Veritas est Adequatio Rei et Intellectus." III. On the Thesis: "Veritas est Adequatio Rei et Intellectus." IV. Reflections on the Theory of the Evident V. The Evident VI. On the Evident