The UN and Counter-Terrorism
Global Hegemonies, Power and Identities
This book traces the evolution of the UN Security Council’s actions against terrorism and extremism.
The work examines the progression of the UN Security Council’s fight against international terrorism and its development of practices to prevent radicalisation and extremism. It also looks at the consequences of these processes and how they have deeply moulded global counter-terrorism. The book looks at the discursive construction of a global threat and tracks how this construction evolved in relation to the Council’s establishment of legal practices and bodies, and by its Members’ discourses. It argues that the very specific definition the Council provided on international terrorism in the 2000s is profoundly shaped by global hegemonies, relations of power shaping the international community, and its own identity. To demonstrate this, it offers a long genealogical perspective of the structure of the UN since the 1930s and then focuses specifically on the developments taking place in the 2000s. The book thus looks at the Security Council’s fight against international terrorism as a global, globalised, and globalising enterprise.
This book will be of much interest to students of critical terrorism studies, security studies, global governance, and International Relations.
Table of Contents
Introduction: the Council’s fight against international terrorism
1. A constructivist theory of international terrorism
2. The UN and international terrorism. A genealogy
3. The emergence of the dispositif of international terrorism
4. The consolidation of the dispositif: writing the Self and the Other
5. Broadening the dispositif to radicalisation and extremism
6. Where consensus was not reached
Conclusion. The long evolution of global counter-terrorism
Alice Martini is Associate Professor in International Security Studies, Comillas Pontifical University, Spain. She is co-convenor of the Critical Studies on Terrorism Working Group (BISA).
'Grounded in a constructivist approach, The UN and Counter-Terrorism, by Martini (Comillas Pontifical Univ., Spain), joins the burgeoning body of critical studies on terrorism by deconstructing the historical trajectory and evolution of policy at the United Nations. In the initial chapters, Martini's use of overly repetitive, post-structuralist jargon too advanced for a novice yet somewhat unnecessary to those familiar with the existing literature clouds her argument rather than clarifies it. Rather than add explanatory value, these terms tend to reduce it. However, the remainder of the book stands as an intriguing, insightful analysis of the manner in which the UN Security Council and General Assembly have developed an expansionist counter-terrorism policy since their inception. As inherently political actors, these bodies have actively sought to solidify the sovereign state as the primary actor within the international arena and defend the globalist system, thereby promulgating universal notions of civilization itself. Martini’s genealogical approach highlights a morally dichotomous, hegemonic, yet flexible discursive framing (e.g., good vs. evil, civilized vs. uncivilized) that the UN strategically employs to establish terrorism as a global enterprise necessitating and justifying exceptional countermeasures. Summing Up: Recommended. With reservations. Graduate students and faculty.' --M. O'Gara, Rocky Mountain College, CHOICE September 2022