This book describes the problems encountered by UN inspection teams assigned to find and destroy Iraq’s nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile capabilities following Desert Storm. Kathleen C. Bailey focuses on the initial inspections—the period in which Iraq was struggling to camouflage and conceal its weapons and production equipment as inspectors were trying to define their role in the process. Working from interviews with these initial inspectors, Bailey extracts important lessons for future verification efforts. On-site arms control inspectors in Iraq found information to be carefully controlled by the government. Pertinent documentation was destroyed, only selected people were allowed to interact with inspectors, and officials refused to make full, complete declarations. Buildings were tom down, equipment was moved, and un-exploded ordnance was placed in the way. These and other techniques helped Iraq to hide its past activities and to preserve some of its weapons capabilities. In the future, arms control inspectors will need to develop strategies for dealing more effectively with recalcitrant inspectees and for creating the best possible procedures and processes. Bailey concludes with concrete suggestions for overcoming some of these obstacles with more effective inspection practices.
Table of Contents
Preface -- Introduction -- Chemical Weapons Inspections -- Biological Weapons Inspections -- Nuclear Weapons Inspections -- Ballistic Missile Inspections -- Iraqi Circumvention of Export Controls -- Summary -- List of UNSCOM Inspections and Sites -- United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 (1991) -- United Nations Security Council Resolution 707 (1991) -- United Nations Security Council Resolution 715 (1991)
Kathleen C. Bailey is a senior fellow at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, where she conducts research on national security and arms control issues. She previously served in the U.S. government as assistant director of the U.S. Arms Control & Disarmament Agency, as deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, and director of research in the U.S. Information Agency. Dr. Bailey’s publications include Doomsday Weapons in the Hands of Many: The Arms Control Challenge of the 90s (1991) and Strengthening Nuclear Non-proliferation (Westview Press, 1993). She received her Ph.D. in Comparative Politics and Asian Studies from the University of Illinois.