1st Edition

The United States, 1865-1920
Reuniting a Nation





ISBN 9781138482425
Published May 18, 2020 by Routledge
178 Pages

USD $44.95

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Preview

Book Description

The United States, 18651920: Reuniting a Nation explores how the U.S. attempted to heal Civil War-era divisions, as well as maintain and strengthen its unity as new rifts developed in the conflict’s aftermath.

Taking a broadly thematic approach to the period, Adam Burns examines the development of the United States from political, social, and foreign relations perspectives. Concise and accessible, the volume uses a variety of primary source documents to help stimulate discussion and encourage the use of historical evidence as support for different interpretations of the era.

By exploring controversies over issues such as citizenship, ethnicity, regionalism, and economic disparity, all of which resonate strongly in the nation’s political discourse today, the book will be an important staple for undergraduate students of American History and the period that followed the Civil War, as well as general enthusiasts.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations

Acknowledgements

Chronology

Who’s who

 

PART I ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT

 

1 INTRODUCTION

2 RECONSTRUCTING A NATION

Reconstruction from Lincoln to Johnson

Congressional Reconstruction

Grant’s Reconstruction

3 THE ROAD TO REDEMPTION

African American rights secured?

White resistance

Rebuilding a white South

A New South?

4 THE COURSE OF WESTWARD EXPANSION

Connecting the West

Native Americans

Life in the West

5 PARTY POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE

Reestablishing Republican governance

Republican factionalism grows

The Cleveland era

6 ROBBER BARONS AND KNIGHTS OF LABOR

Technology

The robber barons

Agrarian reaction

Urban reaction

7 THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD

Relations with the European empires

Relations with Latin American nations

Relations with the Asia-Pacific region

8 IMMIGRATION, ETHNICITY, AND THE CHANGING FACE OF THE NATION

Scientific racism

Immigration and new minorities

The growth of black activism

9 BRYAN, ROOSEVELT, AND THE EVOLUTION OF PARTY POLITICS

Populism and the rise of William Jennings Bryan

The progressive movement

Theodore Roosevelt: the accidental president

Taft and the Republican split of 1912

10 WILSON AND THE GREAT WAR

The New Freedom: domestic affairs before the war

Wilson, Latin America, and neutrality

The end of neutrality and peace without victory

The home front

11 CONCLUSION: THE ELECTION OF 1920 AND THE END OF AN ERA

 

 

PART II DOCUMENTS

 

1 Abraham Lincoln – "The Gettysburg Address" (1863)

2 Frederick Douglass – "What the Black Man Wants" (1865)

3 Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1868)

4 Andrew Johnson – Veto Message Regarding Rebel State Governments (1867)

5 "Civil Rights of Freedmen in Mississippi" (1865)

6 Tom Watson – "The Negro Question in the South" (1892)

7 Booker T. Washington – "Atlanta Compromise" Speech (1895)

8 Sitting Bull – Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee (1883)

9 Frederick Jackson Turner – "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" (1893)

10 Rutherford B. Hayes – Presidential Inaugural Address (1877)

11 "To Republicans and Independent Voters" (1884)

12 Populist Party Platform (1892)

13 Andrew Carnegie – "Wealth" (1889)

14 Samuel Gompers – Testimony before the Senate Committee on Education and Labor (1883)

15 Theodore Roosevelt – Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904)

16 John Hay – The First "Open Door" Note (1899)

17 Philippine Declaration of Independence (1898)

18 Thomas Dixon – The Leopard’s Spots (1902)

19 Reports of the Dillingham Immigration Committee (1910)

20 W. E. B. Du Bois – "The Talented Tenth" (1903)

21 William Jennings Bryan – "Cross of Gold" Speech (1896)

22 Theodore Roosevelt – "The Man with the Muck-rake" (1906)

23 Woodrow Wilson – Address to Congress Leading to a War against Germany (1917)

24 Carrie Chapman Catt – Woman Suffrage by Federal Constitutional Amendment (1917)

Glossary

Guide to further reading

References

Index

...
View More

Author(s)

Biography

Adam Burns is a senior lecturer in History at the University of Wolverhampton. He is the author of American Imperialism (2017) and William Howard Taft and the Philippines: A Blueprint for Empire (2020).

Reviews

"In this short but sharp overview of the United States between the Civil War and the end of the First World War, Adam Burns has delineated a crisp and clear chronological map of the major political and social changes of the era. Without deviating from the trajectory of disunion and reunification that drives the narrative, one largely shaped by the political and racial ramifications of Reconstruction and beyond, Burns guides us through what was by any standards a complex and often convoluted period in America’s history. In a market saturated by textbook treatments of America's history, Burns's study stands out for the clarity both of its style and its approach, but mostly for its coverage of a period that, located between two major conflicts too often finds itself lost between them. Supported by a range of primary documents clearly linked to the book's driving arguments, this is a work that will be of immense value to students at A-level and those undertaking undergraduate programmes in American History."

Susan-Mary Grant, Professor of American History at Newcastle University. Among numerous books and articles, she is the author of The War for a Nation: The American Civil War (Routledge, 2006), A Concise History of the United States of America (Cambridge University Press, 2012) and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (Routledge, 2016).