The United States, 1865-1920: Reuniting a Nation, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The United States, 1865-1920

Reuniting a Nation, 1st Edition

By Adam Burns

Routledge

216 pages

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Description

The United States, 1865-1920: Reuniting a Nation explores how the U.S. attempted to heal Civil War-era divisions, as well as maintain and strengthen its unity as new rifts developed in the conflict’s aftermath.

Taking a broadly thematic approach to the period, Adam Burns examines the development of the United States from political, social, and foreign relations perspectives. Concise and accessible, the volume uses a variety of primary source documents to help stimulate discussion and encourage the use of historical evidence as support for different interpretations of the era.

By exploring controversies over issues such as citizenship, ethnicity, regionalism, and economic disparity, all of which resonate strongly in the nation’s political discourse today, the book will be an important staple for undergraduate students of American History and the period that followed the Civil War, as well as general enthusiasts.

Table of Contents

Author’s Acknowledgements

Series Introduction

List of Figures

Chronology

Who’s who

Glossary

 

PART ONE ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT

 

1 INTRODUCTION

2 RECONSTRUCTING A NATION

Reconstruction from Lincoln to Johnson

Congressional Reconstruction

Grant’s Reconstruction

3 THE ROAD TO REDEMPTION

African American Rights Secured?

White Resistance

Rebuilding a White South

A New South?

4 THE COURSE OF WESTWARD EXPANSION

Connecting the West

Native Americans

Life in the West

5 PARTY POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE

Reestablishing Republican Governance

Republican Factionalism Grows

The Cleveland Era

6 ROBBER BARONS AND KNIGHTS OF LABOR

Technology

The Robber Barons

Agrarian Reaction

Urban Reaction

7 THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD

Relations with the European Empires

Relations with Latin American Nations

Relations with the Asia-Pacific Region

8 IMMIGRATION, ETHNICITY AND THE CHANGING FACE OF THE NATION

Scientific Racism

Immigration and New Minorities

The Growth of Black Activism

9 BRYAN, ROOSEVELT, AND THE EVOLUTION OF PARTY POLITICS

Populism and the Rise of William Jennings Bryan

The Progressive Movement

Theodore Roosevelt: The Accidental President

Taft and the Republican Split of 1912

10 WILSON AND THE GREAT WAR

The New Freedom: Domestic Affairs before the War

Wilson, Latin America and Neutrality

The End of Neutrality and Peace without Victory

The Home Front

11 CONCLUSION: THE ELECTION OF 1920 AND THE END OF AN ERA

 

 

PART TWO DOCUMENTS

 

1 Abraham Lincoln – "The Gettysburg Address" (1863)

2 Frederick Douglass – "What the Black Man Wants" (1865)

3 Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1868)

4 Andrew Johnson – Veto Message Regarding Rebel State Governments (1867)

5 "Civil Rights of Freedmen in Mississippi" (1865)

6 Tom Watson – "The Negro Question in the South" (1892)

7 Booker T. Washington – "Atlanta Compromise" Speech (1895)

8 Sitting Bull – Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee (1883)

9 Frederick Jackson Turner – "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" (1893)

10 Rutherford B. Hayes – Presidential Inaugural Address (1877)

11 "To Republicans and Independent Voters" (1884)

12 Populist Party Platform (1892)

13 Andrew Carnegie – "Wealth" (1889)

14 Samuel Gompers – Testimony before the Senate Committee on Education and Labor (1883)

15 Theodore Roosevelt – Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904)

16 John Hay – The First "Open Door" Note (1899)

17 Philippine Declaration of Independence (1898)

18 Thomas Dixon – The Leopard’s Spots (1902)

19 Reports of the Dillingham Immigration Committee (1910)

20 W. E. B. Du Bois – "The Talented Tenth" (1903)

21 William Jennings Bryan – "Cross of Gold" Speech (1896)

22 Theodore Roosevelt – "The Man with the Muck-rake" (1906)

23 Woodrow Wilson – Address to Congress Leading to a War against Germany (1917)

24 Carrie Chapman Catt – Woman Suffrage by Federal Constitutional Amendment (1917)

Further Reading

References

Index

About the Author

Adam Burns is a senior lecturer in History at the University of Wolverhampton. He is the author of American Imperialism (Edinburgh University Press, 2017) and William Howard Taft and the Philippines: A Blueprint for Empire (University of Tennessee Press, 2020).

About the Series

Seminar Studies

Each book in the Seminar Studies series provides a concise and reliable introduction to a wide range of complex historical events and debates, covering topics in British, European, US and world history from the early modern period to the present day. Written by acknowledged experts and including supporting material such as extracts from historical documents, chronologies, glossaries, guides to key figures and further reading suggestions, Seminar Studies titles are essential reading for students of history.

Almost half a century after its launch, the series continues to introduce students to the problems involved in explaining the past, giving them the opportunity to grapple with historical documents and encouraging them to reach their own conclusions. To submit proposals for new books in the Seminar Studies series, please contact the series editors:

Clive.Emsley: clive.emsley @ open.ac.uk

Gordon Martel: Gordon.Martel @ unbc.ca

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS016000
HISTORY / Historiography
HIS036050
HISTORY / United States / Civil War Period (1850-1877)
HIS036060
HISTORY / United States / 20th Century
HIS054000
HISTORY / Social History