Rapid urbanization, higher density and more compact cities have brought about a new science of urban climatology. An understanding of the mapping of this phenomenon is crucial for urban planners. The book brings together experts in the field of Urban Climatic Mapping to provide the state of the art understanding on how urban climatic knowledge can be made available and utilized by urban planners. The book contains the technology, methodology, and various focuses and approaches of urban climatic map making. It illustrates this understanding with examples and case studies from around the world, and it explains how urban climatic information can be analysed, interpreted and applied in urban planning. The book attempts to bridge the gap between the science of urban climatology and the practice of urban planning. It provides a useful one-stop reference for postgraduates, academics and urban climatologists wishing to better understand the needs for urban climatic knowledge in city planning; and urban planners and policy makers interested in applying the knowledge to design future sustainable cities and quality urban spaces.
Table of Contents
Preface Section 1: Introduction, Historical Development and Methodology 1. Introduction 2. A Review of the Historical Development of Urban Climatic Map Study 3. A Summary of Key Methodologies 4. On the Issues of Scales of Urban Climatic Maps Section 2: Large Cities 5. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Japan: Tokyo and Yokohama 6. Urban Climatic Map Studies in China: Beijing 7. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Japan: Sakai in Osaka 8. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Vietnam: Ho Chi Minh City 9. Urban Climatic Map Studies in China: Wuhan 10. Urban Climatic Map Studies in China: Hong Kong 11. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Germany: Hesse 12. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Singapore Section 3: Medium Sized Cities 13: Urban Climatic Map Studies in Brazil: Salvador 14. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Germany: Berlin 15. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Taiwan: Kaohsiung 16. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Portugal: Lisbon 17. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Brazil: Campinas 18. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Germany: Frankfurt 19. Urban Climatic Map Studies in UK: Birmingham 20. Urban Climatic Map Studies in UK: Greater Manchester Section 4: Small Cities 21. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Japan: Sendai 22. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Germany: Stuttgart 23. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Spain: Bilbao 24. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Sweden: Gothenburg 25. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Holland: Arnhem 26. Urban Climatic Map Studies in Germany: Freiburg Section 5: Future Development 27. Meteorological Modelling and its Future Development for Urban Climatic Map Studies 28. Future Meteorological Data and their Implications on Urban Climatic Studies 29. Local Climate Zones and Urban Climatic Mapping 30. Future Technology Developments for Urban Climatic Map 31. Future Urban Climatic Map Development Based on Spatiotemporal Image Fusion for Monitoring the Seasonal Response of Urban Heat Islands to Land Use/Cover 32. Urban Large-Eddy Simulation – Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics for Urban 33. Issues of Application – from Urban Climatic Map to Urban Planning Postscript
Edward Ng is an architect and Yao Ling Sun Professor of Architecture in the School of Architecture of The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). He specializes in Green Building, Environmental and Sustainable Design, and Urban Climatology for City Planning. Professor Ng is also the Director of the Master of Science of Sustainable and Environmental Design Programme. As an environmental consultant to the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Professor Ng developed the performance-based daylight design practice note, the Air Ventilation Assessment Technical Guidelines and the Urban Climatic Maps for City Planning. He is now working with the governments and agencies in Singapore and Macau, as well as a number of Chinese cities, on Urban Climatic Maps. Professor Ng has published over 400 papers and 3 books. He has twice received the International Award from the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).
Chao Ren is an Assistant Professor in School of Architecture, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). Her research interest is Sustainable Urban and Environmental Design and Urban Climatic Application in Urban Planning. She has involved in several governmental research projects, such as "(Hong Kong) Urban Climatic Map and Standards for Wind Environment – Feasibility Study", "Eco-Planning for Kaohsiung, Taiwan by Using Urban Climatic Map", "Macau Urban Climatic Map Study ", "Arnhem Urban Climatic Map" and "The Study of Plan and Management of Wuhan Urban Air Path" . She is the Deputy Director of the M.Sc. Sustainable and Environmental Design Programme, and also a research fellow of both the Institute of Future Cities (IOFC) and the Institute of Energy, Environment and Sustainability (IEES) at CUHK. She is a registered BEAM Professional and has joined the Working Group of BEAM Society recently.