1st Edition

The Utrecht Chronicle of the Teutonic Order A History of the Crusades in the Holy Land, Prussia and Livonia (Edition and Translation)

Edited By Rombert Stapel Copyright 2024
    580 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Utrecht Chronicle of the Teutonic Order (‘Croniken van der Duytscher Oirden’) is a late-fifteenth-century Middle Dutch text that strongly influenced early modern historiography in north-eastern Europe. In German scholarship the text is commonly known as the Jüngere Hochmeisterchronik (‘Younger Chronicle of the Grand Masters’) and it offers a rare insight into the self-image of members of the military orders at that time. The chronicle describes the history of the Teutonic Order from its supposed biblical origins in the Holy Land to the order’s involvement in the Baltic crusades, to which a history of the local Utrecht bailiwick is added. Interwoven are summaries of papal and imperial privileges and indulgences, creating a mixture between the genres of crusading literature, gesta, and cartulary chronicles.

    This book offers a diplomatic edition and parallel English translation of the recently rediscovered ‘author’s copy’ (Vienna, Deutschordenszentralarchiv, Hs. 392), written in direct cooperation with the original author. It is the first complete edition of the Utrecht Chronicle and includes several passages that have never been edited. The English translation is the first translation into a modern language, introducing new audiences who are not proficient in Middle Dutch to the chronicle’s content.

    The book targets students and scholars of the crusades and military orders, as well as audiences interested in Baltic history, medieval chronicles, and Middle Dutch literature more broadly. It accompanies a recent study of the chronicle’s cultural context, wide range of sources, and its authorship, published in the same series in 2021.

    Introduction to the edition and translation


    The Utrecht Chronicle of the Teutonic Order




    Editorial history

    Editorial principles

    Translators’ notes

    Typography used in edition and translation

    References to corresponding texts


    Corresponding texts

    Edition and Translation


    Sequential lists of rulers

    Grand masters

    Land masters of Prussia

    Land masters of Livonia

    (Land) commanders of Utrecht and temporary caretakers

    ‘Kings’ of Jerusalem

    Bishops of Üxküll/Livonia, later Riga



    Rombert Stapel is senior researcher at the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, Netherlands. In 2021 he published a study titled Medieval Authorship and Cultural Exchange in the Late Fifteenth Century: The Utrecht Chronicle of the Teutonic Order with Routledge. His work encompasses the historiography of the military orders, socioeconomic history and population geography of the medieval and early-modern Low Countries, and digital humanities – with a special focus on geohumanities and the application of historical GIS.

    Christel Saridjo is self-trained as a translator of Middle Dutch. She is married to Rombert Stapel.