The Voyage of Captain John Narbrough to the Strait of Magellan and the South Sea in his Majesty's Ship Sweepstakes, 1669-1671: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Voyage of Captain John Narbrough to the Strait of Magellan and the South Sea in his Majesty's Ship Sweepstakes, 1669-1671

1st Edition

Edited by Richard J. Campbell, Peter T. Bradley, Joyce Lorimer

Routledge

724 pages | 16 Color Illus. | 32 B/W Illus.

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Description

In 2009, after a public appeal, the British Library purchased a manuscript ‘Booke’, which Captain Narbrough bought in 1666 and into which he subsequently entered his journals of his voyages and correspondence relating to them. The ‘Booke’ contains his own fair copy of the journal of his voyage through the Strait of Magellan and north to Valdivia in the Sweepstakes, 1669-1671. This is published here for the first time, together with an incomplete and somewhat different copy of the journal, held in the Bodleian Library, which was made for him by a clerk after he returned to England, and which was partially published in 1694. Both versions of the journal together with previously unpublished records made by members of his company, as well as reproductions of the charts which Narbrough relied on and those he produced, are printed here.

Narbrough's mission was to carry out a passenger who referred to himself as Don Carlos Enriques and who claimed to have expert knowledge of Peru and Chile, and contacts with disaffected colonists and indigenous peoples. Don Carlos's written proposals to King Charles II and his ministers, only recently discovered, are here translated from Spanish, and give a clear sense of the character, if not the real identity, of an adventurer, who gave the authorities in England, Chile and Peru totally different and changing stories about his status and the purpose of the voyage.

Narbrough's conduct of the voyage has been criticized by later authors who have focussed on his inability recover four of his ship’s company from detention in Valdivia and the lack of tangible results, in the form of trade or contacts with indigenous groups. The more complete story provided here shows that Narbrough carried out his ambiguous orders to the letter. His chart of the Strait of Magellan remained the principal chart of the area for the next century. King Charles II and James, Duke of York, both recognized his abilities. He was rapidly re-employed in naval service, subsequently knighted, and rose to become a Commissioner of the Navy and Commander in Chief in the Mediterranean.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

1. The Manuscript and Printed Records of the VoyageIncluded in this Volume

a: British Library, Add 88980A, B, C and D Narbrough’s ‘Booke’ and accompanying Charts

b: Bodleian Library, MS Rawl. A. 318

c: Relationship of BL, Add 88980A to MS Rawl. A. 318

d: British Library, Add MS 5414,29, ‘The Sloane Map’

e: British Library, Maps K. Top 124.84.‘The Royal Map’

f: British Library, Sloane MS 819,Lieutenant Peckett’s Journal

g: Royal Society CI.P/7i/32, Richard Williams’s Brief Account

h: Beinecke Library, Osborn b394,William Chamber’s Journal

2. Captain John Wood’s Account

a: British Library, Sloane MS 3833, Journal

b: British Library, Sloane MS 46A, Sailing Directions for the Strait of Magellan

c: British Library, Sloane MS 46B Wood’s Straights of Magellan

3. Contemporary Records and Published Accounts Made after Narbrough’s Return

a: Francisco de Seyxas y Lovera, Piratas y contrabandistas

b: Smith and Walford, An Account of Several Late Voyages &c., 1694

c: The Published Chart of the Strait of Magellan, 1673

d: William Hacke's publication of John Wood’s ‘Voyage thro’ the Streights of Magellan’

4. The Context of Narbrough’s Voyage

5. The ‘Proposition’ of Narbrough’s Voyage

6. The Commissioning of John Narbrough

7. Narbrough’s Ships

a: The Sweepstakes

b: The Batchelour

8.Captain John Narbrough and his Officers

a: John Narbrough

b: Lieutenant Thomas Armiger

c: Lieutenant Nathaniell Peckett

d: Abraham Hyatt

e: Mr John Wood

f: Mr John Fortescue

g: Captain Humphrey Fleming

h: Supernumeraries:Don Carlos Henriquez and Solomon Franco

9. The Events of the Voyage

10. Interactions with Indigenous Peoples

11. The Fate of the Detainees

12. Further Information about Don Carlos found in Recently located Materials

13. The Spanish Reaction to Narbrough’s Voyage

14. Navigation

a: Narbrough's Navigation

b: Charts

c: Chambers’ Navigation

15. Narbrough’s Surveying

16. The Outcome of the Voyage

17. Use of the Published Version of Narbrough’s Voyage by Other Navigators

18. Historical Opinion on Narbrough's conduct of the Voyage

19.Editorial Conventions Adopted in the Transcription of the Manuscripts

PART I. The Prelude to Narbrough’s Voyage

PART II. Narbrough's Journals

a: A Jornall Be Gan with his Majesties Shipp the Sweepstakes the 15: Day of may 1669. The Shipp at deptford which Beinge then ordered to fitt. And Keept By Captaine John Narbrough: then Commander of her one [on] her Vojage through the Straits of Magallan: into the South Sea to Baldavia and from thence Back againe unto England to Deptford

b: This is a part of Sr John Narbrough’s voyages, somewhat different from the print

PART III The records of Nathaniel Peckett, Richard Williams and William Chambers

a:The Voyage of the King’s Shipp Called the Sweepstakes to Baldavia. Annoque Domini1669. By Nathanyell Peckett, Lieutenant

b: Richard Williams’s short accompt

c: The Journal of William Chambers

PART IV A Declaration made by one Charles Henrique Clerck off the Proposalls made by the Royall Compania for trade, to his Majestie Anno 1663.

APPENDICES

1. The Legends on the Charts Drawn by John Narbrough

2. Place-Names given by Narbrough still in use today

3. Personnel: Recruitment and Pay

4. Subsequent Publications containing Narbrough’s ‘The Voyage to the South-Sea’, 1694.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

About the Editors

Captain Richard Campbell (OBE) joined the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth in 1946. Having completed training and served for two years in submarines he specialised in hydrographic surveying joining HMS Dalrymple in 1956. He was present at the landings in Port Said that year and assisted in the subsequent salvage operations. He has carried out hydrographic surveys in a large number of areas around the world. He served for two seasons in the Antarctic and Falkland Islands, during which time he in Valdivia and went to the Strait of Magellan numerous times as well as making a passage through it. He has had two periods as Officer in Charge of the Royal Naval Hydrographic School and commanded four surveying ships, the last of which, HMS Hydra, 1980–2, was employed as a hospital ship during the Falkland Islands war in 1982. He served as Assistant Hydrographer 1977-79, and retired in 1983 to spend twelve years in charge of the Admiralty Sailing Directions in the UK Hydrographic Office.

His previous publications for the Hakluyt Society are The Discovery of the South Shetland Islands, 1819–1820, The Journal of Midshipman C.W. Poynter, 3rd ser., 4, 2000, ‘The Journal of HMS Beagle in the Strait of Magellan by Pringle Stokes, Commander RN 1827’, in Four Travel Journals, 3rd ser., 18, 2007 and ‘The voyage of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror to the Southern and Antarctic Regions, Captain James Clark Ross, R.N. 1839–1843, The journal of Sergeant William K Cunningham, R.M. of HMS Terror’, in the on-line Journal of the Hakluyt Society, 2009.

Peter T. Bradley has published the first studies about Don Carlos Enriques and is an expert on the Spanish naval defence of Peru in the seventeenth century.

Joyce Lorimer has published two volumes with the Hakluyt Society, on English and Irish interest in the Amazon and Guiana in the Tudor and Early Stuart period.

About the Series

Hakluyt Society, Third Series

Routledge is pleased to be the publisher for the Hakluyt Society.

The Hakluyt Society has for its object the advancement of knowledge and education, particularly in relation to the understanding of world history. The society publishes scholarly editions of primary sources on the 'Voyages and Travels' undertaken by individuals from many parts of the globe. These address the geography, ethnology and natural history of the regions visited, covering all continents and every period over the last two thousand years. Such texts, many previously available only in manuscript or in unedited publications in languages other than English, are the essential records of the stages of inter-continental and inter-cultural encounter.

Established in 1846, the Society has to date published over 350 volumes. All editions are in English. Although a substantial number of the Society's past editions relate to British ventures, with documentary sources in English, the majority concern non-British enterprises and are based on texts in languages other than English. Material originally written in Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French or Dutch has regularly appeared, material in Russian, Greek, Latin, Ethiopic, Chinese, Persian or Arabic occasionally.

All editions contain an introduction and scholarly annotation, giving both the general reader and the student a degree of assistance in understanding the material and providing guidance on the relevance of the episodes described, within the context of global development and world history. Volumes are often generously furnished with maps and contemporary illustrations.

Information about the Society may be obtained from the Administrative Assistant at the following address:

Hakluyt Society, c/o Map Library, The British Library, 96 Euston Road, London NW1 2DG, UK

Email: office@hakluyt.com

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS015000
HISTORY / Europe / Great Britain
HIS033000
HISTORY / Latin America / South America
HIS037000
HISTORY / World
HIS038000
HISTORY / Americas (North, Central, South, West Indies)
HIS051000
HISTORY / Expeditions & Discoveries
HIS057000
HISTORY / Maritime History & Piracy