In 2009, after a public appeal, the British Library purchased a manuscript ‘Booke’, which Captain Narbrough bought in 1666 and into which he subsequently entered his journals of his voyages and correspondence relating to them. The ‘Booke’ contains his own fair copy of the journal of his voyage through the Strait of Magellan and north to Valdivia in the Sweepstakes, 1669-1671. This is published here for the first time, together with an incomplete and somewhat different copy of the journal, held in the Bodleian Library, which was made for him by a clerk after he returned to England, and which was partially published in 1694. Both versions of the journal together with previously unpublished records made by members of his company, as well as reproductions of the charts which Narbrough relied on and those he produced, are printed here.
Narbrough's mission was to carry out a passenger who referred to himself as Don Carlos Enriques and who claimed to have expert knowledge of Peru and Chile, and contacts with disaffected colonists and indigenous peoples. Don Carlos's written proposals to King Charles II and his ministers, only recently discovered, are here translated from Spanish, and give a clear sense of the character, if not the real identity, of an adventurer, who gave the authorities in England, Chile and Peru totally different and changing stories about his status and the purpose of the voyage.
Narbrough's conduct of the voyage has been criticized by later authors who have focussed on his inability recover four of his ship’s company from detention in Valdivia and the lack of tangible results, in the form of trade or contacts with indigenous groups. The more complete story provided here shows that Narbrough carried out his ambiguous orders to the letter. His chart of the Strait of Magellan remained the principal chart of the area for the next century. King Charles II and James, Duke of York, both recognized his abilities. He was rapidly re-employed in naval service, subsequently knighted, and rose to become a Commissioner of the Navy and Commander in Chief in the Mediterranean.
Table of Contents
1. The Manuscript and Printed Records of the Voyage Included in this Volume
a: British Library, Add 88980A, B, C and D Narbrough’s ‘Booke’ and accompanying Charts
b: Bodleian Library, MS Rawl. A. 318
c: Relationship of BL, Add 88980A to MS Rawl. A. 318
d: British Library, Add MS 5414,29, ‘The Sloane Map’
e: British Library, Maps K. Top 124.84.‘The Royal Map’
f: British Library, Sloane MS 819,Lieutenant Peckett’s Journal
g: Royal Society CI.P/7i/32, Richard Williams’s Brief Account
h: Beinecke Library, Osborn b394,William Chamber’s Journal
2. Captain John Wood’s Account
a: British Library, Sloane MS 3833, Journal
b: British Library, Sloane MS 46A, Sailing Directions for the Strait of Magellan
c: British Library, Sloane MS 46B Wood’s Straights of Magellan
3. Contemporary Records and Published Accounts Made after Narbrough’s Return
a: Francisco de Seyxas y Lovera, Piratas y contrabandistas
b: Smith and Walford, An Account of Several Late Voyages &c., 1694
c: The Published Chart of the Strait of Magellan, 1673
d: William Hacke's publication of John Wood’s ‘Voyage thro’ the Streights of Magellan’
4. The Context of Narbrough’s Voyage
5. The ‘Proposition’ of Narbrough’s Voyage
6. The Commissioning of John Narbrough
7. Narbrough’s Ships
a: The Sweepstakes
b: The Batchelour
8. Captain John Narbrough and his Officers
a: John Narbrough
b: Lieutenant Thomas Armiger
c: Lieutenant Nathaniell Peckett
d: Abraham Hyatt
e: Mr John Wood
f: Mr John Fortescue
g: Captain Humphrey Fleming
h: Supernumeraries:Don Carlos Henriquez and Solomon Franco
9. The Events of the Voyage
10. Interactions with Indigenous Peoples
11. The Fate of the Detainees
12. Further Information about Don Carlos found in Recently located Materials
13. The Spanish Reaction to Narbrough’s Voyage
a: Narbrough's Navigation
c: Chambers’ Navigation
15. Narbrough’s Surveying
16. The Outcome of the Voyage
17. Use of the Published Version of Narbrough’s Voyage by Other Navigators
18. Historical Opinion on Narbrough's conduct of the Voyage
19. Editorial Conventions Adopted in the Transcription of the Manuscripts
PART I. The Prelude to Narbrough’s Voyage
PART II. Narbrough's Journals
a: A Jornall Be Gan with his Majesties Shipp the Sweepstakes the 15: Day of may 1669. The Shipp at deptford which Beinge then ordered to fitt. And Keept By Captaine John Narbrough: then Commander of her one [on] her Vojage through the Straits of Magallan: into the South Sea to Baldavia and from thence Back againe unto England to Deptford
b: This is a part of Sr John Narbrough’s voyages, somewhat different from the print
PART III The records of Nathaniel Peckett, Richard Williams and William Chambers
a: The Voyage of the King’s Shipp Called the Sweepstakes to Baldavia. Annoque Domini1669. By Nathanyell Peckett, Lieutenant
b: Richard Williams’s short accompt
c: The Journal of William Chambers
PART IV A Declaration made by one Charles Henrique Clerck off the Proposalls made by the Royall Compania for trade, to his Majestie Anno 1663.
1. The Legends on the Charts Drawn by John Narbrough
2. Place-Names given by Narbrough still in use today
3. Personnel: Recruitment and Pay
4. Subsequent Publications containing Narbrough’s ‘The Voyage to the South-Sea’, 1694.
Captain Richard Campbell (OBE) joined the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth in 1946. Having completed training and served for two years in submarines he specialised in hydrographic surveying joining HMS Dalrymple in 1956. He was present at the landings in Port Said that year and assisted in the subsequent salvage operations. He has carried out hydrographic surveys in a large number of areas around the world. He served for two seasons in the Antarctic and Falkland Islands, during which time he in Valdivia and went to the Strait of Magellan numerous times as well as making a passage through it. He has had two periods as Officer in Charge of the Royal Naval Hydrographic School and commanded four surveying ships, the last of which, HMS Hydra, 1980–2, was employed as a hospital ship during the Falkland Islands war in 1982. He served as Assistant Hydrographer 1977-79, and retired in 1983 to spend twelve years in charge of the Admiralty Sailing Directions in the UK Hydrographic Office.
His previous publications for the Hakluyt Society are The Discovery of the South Shetland Islands, 1819–1820, The Journal of Midshipman C.W. Poynter, 3rd ser., 4, 2000, ‘The Journal of HMS Beagle in the Strait of Magellan by Pringle Stokes, Commander RN 1827’, in Four Travel Journals, 3rd ser., 18, 2007 and ‘The voyage of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror to the Southern and Antarctic Regions, Captain James Clark Ross, R.N. 1839–1843, The journal of Sergeant William K Cunningham, R.M. of HMS Terror’, in the on-line Journal of the Hakluyt Society, 2009.
Peter T. Bradley has published the first studies about Don Carlos Enriques and is an expert on the Spanish naval defence of Peru in the seventeenth century.
Joyce Lorimer has published two volumes with the Hakluyt Society, on English and Irish interest in the Amazon and Guiana in the Tudor and Early Stuart period.