The WTO and the Environment: Development of competence beyond trade, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The WTO and the Environment

Development of competence beyond trade, 1st Edition

By James Watson


236 pages

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This book is a review of the development of the WTO dispute resolution procedure and the power and influence it has gained over the practises of the member countries as well as in other international treaties. The book addresses the development of environmental competency in the WTO and examines the arguments of those who oppose WTO rule making with impacts on the environment. The WTO’s interactions with multilateral environmental agreements are considered and recent WTO cases including the 2011 US/Mexico tuna dispute and the US sea turtles decision are analysed in detail. In examining how an international organisation which was established with a specific purpose in mind has come to interact in fields beyond its original remit, James Watson demonstrates how the dispute resolution system at the WTO has come to work in a judicialised manner, operating with an informal system of precedent. This has led to the contracting parties placing more reliance on the decisions of the dispute panels and appeal body when considering policy options, with WTO rulings increasingly influencing the behaviour of national legislatures in regard to the environment.

The book goes on to make concrete recommendations, based on existing practise in the WTO dispute resolution procedure, which could enhance decision making in environmental cases heard by the WTO. The book argues that this could be achieved with straightforward amendments to the WTO, based on existing practices endorsed under the WTO for other policy considerations. The WTO and the Environment will be of particular interest to academics and students of International and Environmental law.

Table of Contents

1. The Development of a Judicialised International Trade Dispute Resolution System at the World Trade Organisation 2. The WTO Dispute Resolution Mechanism in Comparison to Other International Regimes 3. The Role of Previous Decisions in the WTO DSU and their Impact on Member State Behaviour 4. Trade and Environment in the International Legal Order 5. The DSB and MEAS 6. Environment under the WTO and the CTE 7. Application of Article XX in the Trade–Environment Context 8. Conclusion

About the Author

James K.R. Watson has been researching the international trade and environment subject for more than 15 years. Currently working in Brussels at Weber Shandwick on policy development, he previously worked for the Commonwealth Secretariat on a European Commission funded trade policy project based in Ethiopia. He has completed an LL.M in Environmental Law and a Ph.D on international trade and environmental law.

About the Series

Routledge Research in International Economic Law

The growing integration of the world economy and resulting increases in cross-border economic exchanges has been accompanied by the rapid growth of law and regulation governing these interactions. This series presents cutting-edge research in international economic law, offering fresh perspectives on what is a fast developing field.

The series surveys the key areas of international economic law: international trade law; international investment law; international financial regulation and monetary law; and related aspects of intellectual property law. Linkages with other international legal regimes are explored such as environmental law, human rights, and public health, highlighting areas where tensions may occur between economic liberalisation, sovereignty and other concerns. Books will investigate the theory, policy and practice of international economic law from a broad range of approaches allowing for innovative and scholarly assessments of the international economic legal order.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / General
LAW / Commercial / International Trade
LAW / Environmental
LAW / International