Examining the international dimensions of the Syrian conflict, this book studies external factors relating to the Uprising. It explores the involvement of outside powers and the events’ impact both on regional and international level.
Syria was widely perceived to be essential to the regional power balance, hence it was a valued prize to be fought over. The book examines the impact of global and regional powers in propelling the conflict in Syria; looks at the motives and strategies of the key regional and international actors (Hizbollah, Palestinians, Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, US, Russia, EU); and analyses the impact of the Syrian conflict on key relations between regional states (Turkey-Syria, Turkey-Iran, Iraq-Syria). Finally, several chapters treat the impact on Syria of international sanctions and the "Responsibility to Protect" doctrine. This book follows on to The Syrian Uprising: Domestic Origins and Early Trajectory, edited by Raymond Hinnebusch and Omar Imady (2018). Subsequent volumes will examine the later evolution of the conflict.
Taking an innovative and interdisciplinary approach that seeks to capture the full complexity of the phenomenon, this book contributes significantly to our understanding of the Syrian conflict and will therefore be a valuable resource for anyone studying Middle Eastern Politics.
Table of Contents
1. Thinking about the international factor in the Syrian Crisis Raymond Hinnebusch
2. The Middle East regional security complex and the Syrian civil war Soren Schmidt
3. The International and Regional Battle for Syria Christopher Phillips
4. The Regional Sectarian War and Syria Konstantinos Zarras
5. Hizbullah’s intervention in Syria: Causes and Consequences Adham Saouli
6. Palestinian refugees and the Syrian Uprising: Subjectivities, mobilizations and challenges Valentina Napolitanio
7. Qatar and its rivals in Syria’s conflict Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
8. Saudi Policies in the Syrian Crisis May Darwich
9. Iran and the Syrian civil war Jubin Goodarzi
10. Iraqi-Syrian Relations and the Syrian Uprising Raymond Hinnebusch
11. Turkish-Iranian relations in Syria: between rivalry and engagement Ozden Oktav
12. The 2011 collapse of Syria-Turkish Relations: through a realist- constructivist Lens Marwa Daoudy
13. US policy towards the Syrian Conflict under Obama: Strategic patience and miscalculation Jasmine Gani
14. Russian foreign policy in the early Syrian conflict: traditional factors and the role of Syria in the Kremlin’s wider domestic and international goals Daria Vorobyeva
15. From Russia’s military deployment in Syria to the Astana Process Nikolay Kozhanov
16. The European Union and Syria: from constructive engagement to marginalization and back? Francesco Cavatorta and Pierre-Michel Turcotte
17. Contextualizing Economic Sanctions on Syria Ferdinand Arslanian
18. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in Syria: a critical analysis of R2P as an interactional process Nour M. el-Kebbi
Raymond Hinnebusch is professor of International Relations and Middle East Politics at the University of St Andrews, Scotland. He is founder and director of the Centre for Syrian Studies. His most recent works on Syria include: Syria: Revolution from Above (2001); Turkey–Syria Relations: Between Enmity and Amity, co-edited with Ozlem Tur (2013); Syria: From Reform to Revolt: Politics and International Relations, co-edited with Tina Zintl (2014); The Syrian Uprising: Domestic Origins and Early Trajectory, co-edited with Omar Imady (2018).
Adham Saouli is senior lecturer at the University of St Andrews. He is currently visiting associate professor at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies. Saouli is the author of Hezbollah: Socialisation and its Tragic Ironies (2019) and The Arab State: Dilemmas of State Formation (2012). His study "Performing the Egyptian Revolution: Origins of Collective Restraint Action," in Political Studies, was nominated for the Harrison Prize (2015).
"This volume is a very important and unique contribution to the current debate on the causes and consequences of the Syrian uprisings and the subsequent conflict, which provides new and original perspectives to our understanding. The editors, who themselves are among the globally leading scholars on Syrian and Middle East politics, have set a very competent team of experts on the various relevant external actors and have put together an edited volume with a clear focus and structure that covers all the relevant external dimensions of the Syrian conflict.” - Morten Valbjørn, Aarhus University, Denmark