The impact of mining is too big to ignore in a world of oversubscribed water. This is true of conventional mining as much as – or even more than – hydraulic fracturing (fracking). The legacy issues of such mining on water have not been fully appreciated, especially the irretrievable effects mining has had on communities and ecosystems around the world through its impact on water. Yet this is not an ‘us-or-them’ problem: the wealth, influence and technical knowledge of mining interests can and must be part of the solution. All of the contributions to this volume either consider the deficiencies of existing governance structures and the need for better ones, or explore the use of new techniques to identify and evaluate social and environmental impacts.
The chapters in this book were originally published in the journal Water International.
1. Introduction David B. Brooks, James E. Nickum, Anthony Turton and Surina Esterhuyse 2. Untying the Gordian Knot: unintended consequences of water policy for the gold mining industry in South Africa Anthony Turton 3. Mine site water-reporting practices, groundwater take and governance frameworks in the Hunter Valley coalfield, Australia Wendy Timms and Cameron Holley 4. Non-discrimination and liability for transboundary acid mine drainage pollution of South Africa’s rivers: could the UN Watercourses Convention open Pandora’s mine? Rémy Kinna 5. A pilot study of the Social Water Assessment Protocol in a mining region of Ghana Anastasia N. Danoucaras, Alidu Babatu Adam, Kathryn Sturman, Nina K. Collins and Alan Woodley 6. Unconventional oil and gas extraction in South Africa: water linkages within the population–environment–development nexus and its policy implications Surina Esterhuyse, Nola Redelinghuys and Marthie Kemp 7. Lessons from Yanacocha: assessing mining impacts on hydrological systems and water distribution in the Cajamarca region, Peru Diana Vela-Almeida, Froukje Kuijk, Guido Wyseure and Nicolas Kosoy 8. Disputes over land and water rights in gold mining: the case of Cerro de San Pedro, Mexico Didi Stoltenborg and Rutgerd Boelens 9. Mining and campesino engagement: an opportunity for integrated water resources management in Ancash, Peru Robert Patrick and Lalita Bharadwaj 10. Questioning the effectiveness of planned conflict resolution strategies in water disputes between rural communities and mining companies in Peru Milagros Sosa and Margreet Zwarteveen 11. Predicting water quality associated with land cover change in the Grootdrai Dam catchment, South Africa Anja du Plessis, Tertius Harmse and Fethi Ahmed 12. Assessing the existing knowledge base and opinions of decision makers on the regulation and monitoring of unconventional gas mining in South Africa Surina Esterhuyse, Marthie Kemp and Nola Redelinghuys
Most of the world’s water problems, and their solutions, are directly related to policies and governance, both specific to water and in general. Two of the world’s leading journals in this area, the International Journal of Water Resources Development (sponsored by the Third World Centre for Water Management, Mexico) and Water International (the official journal of the International Water Resources Association), contribute to this special issues series, aimed at disseminating new knowledge on the policy and governance of water resources to a very broad and diverse readership all over the world. The series should be of direct interest to all policy makers, professionals and lay readers concerned with obtaining the latest perspectives on addressing the world’s many water issues.