The West and the Middle East: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The West and the Middle East

1st Edition

Edited by Barry Rubin


1,696 pages

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Hardback: 9780415563901
pub: 2010-10-18
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Why is the Middle East the only part of the world which has drawn the West into wars in the last thirty years? With a sequence of events since 1945, including the Six-Day War, the Iranian revolution, the Iran-Iraq war, and the two Gulf wars, the Middle East has been the most important region of diplomacy, crisis, and controversy for the West. More recent events - notably the 2001 attack on the United States but also a number of other events (Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, nuclear proliferation, oil) - have even further escalated both engagement and debate. This has been punctuated by large-scale immigration to the West from the region. Islamism is the only ideology that challenges the dominant, globalizing, modern form of society.

All of these factors have greatly increased interest in the West toward its engagement in the region and the need for good materials explaining the history, the strategies, events, and ideas. This new title in the Routledge Major Works series, Critical Concepts in Political Science, meets the need for an authoritative reference work to answer these and other questions, and to enable users to make sense of the subject’s vast literature and the continuing explosion in research output.

Table of Contents

Volume I: Issues in Europe-Middle East Relations

US-Europe and Middle East

1. Philip H. Gordon, ‘Trading Places: America and Europe in the Middle East’, Survival, 2005, 47, 2, 87–100.

The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: Trade and Development

2. Nivien Saleh, ‘Europe in the Middle East and Northern Africa: The Subtle Quest for Power’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2007, 18, 1, 75–88.

3. Rory Miller and Ashraf Mishrif, ‘The Barcelona Process and Euro-Arab Economic Relations: 1995–2005’, MERIA Journal, 2005, 9, 2.

4. Elisabeth Johansson-Nogues, ‘A "Ring of Friends'"? The Implications of the European Neighbourhood Policy for the Mediterranean’, Mediterranean Politics, 2004, 9, 2, 240–7.

The Iran Issue

5. Michel Makinsky, ‘French Trade and Sanctions Against Iran’, MERIA Journal, 2009, 13, 1.

6. Nizan Feldman, ‘The Power of Petroeuros: The EU-3 vs. Iran’, Strategic Assessment, 2008, 10, 4, 48–56.

Maghreb Relations

7. Patrick Holden, ‘Partnership Lost? The EUs Mediterranean Aid Programmes’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2005, 10, 1, 19–37.

8. Hakim Darbouche and Yahia H. Zoubir, ‘The Algerian Crisis in European and US Foreign Policies: A Hindsight Analysis’, Journal of North African Studies, 2009, 14, 1, 33–55.

9. Brieg Tomos Powel, ‘The Stability Syndrome: US and EU Democracy Promotion in Tunisia’, Journal of North African Studies, 2009, 14, 1, 57–73.

10. Miquel Pellicer and Eva Wegner, ‘Altruism and its Limits: The Role of Civil and Political Rights for American and French Aid Towards the Middle East and North Africa’, Journal of North African Studies, 2009, 14, 1, 109–21.

11. Jon Marks, ‘The European Challenge to North African Economies: The Downside to the Euro-Med Policy’, Middle East Journal, 1998, 52, 4, 47–58.

12. Ivan Martin, ‘The Social Impact of Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Areas: A First Approach with Special Reference to Morocco’, Mediterranean Politics, 2004, 9, 3, 422–58.

Security Issues

13. Richard Youngs, ‘European Approaches to Security in the Mediterranean’, Middle East Journal, 2003, 57, 3, 414–31.

14. Fred Tanner, ‘The Euro-Mediterranean Security Partnership: Prospects for Arms Limitation and Confidence-Building’, Mediterranean Politics, 2000, 5, 1, 189–208.

15. Ian O. Lesser, ‘The Changing Mediterranean Security Environment: A Transatlantic Perspective’, Middle East Journal, 1998, 52, 4, 212–28.

16. Kenneth B. Moss, ‘Strategic Choices in the Mediterranean: Europe, The Mediterranean, and the Middle East’, MERIA Journal, 2000, 4, 1.

17. Reuven Paz, ‘Middle East Islamism in the European Arena’, MERIA Journal, 2002, 6, 3.

18. Sten Rynning, ‘NATO and the Broader Middle East, 1949–2007: The History and Lessons of Controversial Encounters’, Journal of Strategic Studies, 2007, 30, 6, 905–28.

Volume II: Country Studies in Europe-Middle East Relations

Central Europe

19. Matthew Rhodes, ‘Central Europe and Iraq: Balance, Bandwagon, or Bridge?’, Orbis, 2004, 48, 3, 381–572.


20. Tsilla Hershco, ‘Sarkozy’s Policy in the Middle-East: A Break with the Past?’, Insight Turkey, 2009, 11, 2, 75–91.

21. Thierry Tardy, ‘France and the US: The Inevitable Clash?’, International Journal, 2003–4, 105–26.

22. Norman Bowen, ‘France, Europe and the Mediterranean in a Sarkozy Presidency’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2005, 16, 2 and 2007, 18, 4).

23. Pia Christina Wood, ‘Chiraq’s "New Arab Policy" and Middle East Challenges: The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Iraq and Iran’, Middle East Journal, 1998, 52, 4, 563–80.


24. Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen, ‘Gulf War: The German Resistance’, Survival, 2003, 45, 1, 99–116.

25. Martin Beck, ‘German Foreign Policy Towards the Middle East in the 1990s and Beyond’, Orient, 2004, 45, 3, 401–22.

26. Marcus Kaim, ‘Friendship under Strain or Fundamental Alienation? Germany-US Relations after the Iraq War’, International Journal, 2003–4, 3, 4, 127–44.


27. Gianfranco Fini, ‘Italy’s Role in Mediterranean Security and the Fight Against Terrorism’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2006, 17, 1, 1–15.

28. Jacob Abadi, ‘Constraints and Adjustments in Italy’s Policy Toward Israel’, Middle Eastern Studies, 2002, 38, 4, 63–94.

29. Franco Cardini, ''The Mediterranean Community and the EU: The Italian Perspective'', Perceptions, 2003, 8, 2, 9–17.


30. Charles Powell, ‘Did Terrorism Sway Spain’s Election?’, Current History, 2004, 103, 676, 376–82.

31. Anthony Celso, ‘The Tragedy of Al-Andalus: The Madrid Terror Attacks and the Islamization of Spanish Politics’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2005, 16, 3, 86–101.


32. Moshe Gat, ‘Britain and the Occupied Territories After the 1967 War’, MERIA Journal, 2006, 10, 4.

33. Isaac Kfir, ‘British Middle East Policy: The Counterterrorism Dimension’, MERIA Journal, 2006, 10, 4.

34. Jonathan Spyer, ‘An Analytical and Historical Overview of British Policy Toward Israel’, MERIA Journal, 2004, 8, 2.

35. Jonathan Rynhold and Jonathan Spyer, ‘British Policy in the Arab-Israeli Arena, 1973–2004’, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 2007, 34, 2, 137–55.

36. John Calabrese, ‘The United States, Great Britain, and the Middle East: How Special the Relationship?’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2001, 12, 3, 57–84.

37. Jan M.O. Sharp, ‘Tony Blair, Iraq and the Special Relationship: Poodle or Partner?’, International Journal, 2003–4, 59, 1, 59–86.

Bilateral Relations

38. Gerd Nonneman, ‘Saudi-European Relations 1902–2001: A Pragmatic Quest for Relative Autonomy’, International Affairs, 2001, 77, 3, 631–61.

39. Maria do Ceu Pinto, ‘European and American Responses to the Algerian Crisis’, Mediterranean Politics, 1998, 3, 3, 63–80.

40. Rory Miller, ''Troubled Neighbours: The EU and Israel'', Israel Affairs, 2006, 12, 4, 642–64.

41. Emad Gad, ‘The EU and the Middle East: An Egyptian View’, Perceptions, 2003, 8, 2, 17–38.

Volume III: US-Middle East, Issues in Relations


42. Robert J. Lieber, ‘U.S. Middle East Policy at the Start of Clinton’s Second Term’, MERIA Journal, 1997, 1, 1.

43. Robert O. Freedman, ‘U.S. Policy Toward the Middle East at the End of Clinton’s Presidency’, MERIA Journal, 1999, 3, 1.

44. Robert Jervis, ‘Understanding the Bush Doctrine’, Political Science Quarterly, 2003, 118, 3, 365–88.

45. P. H. Liotta and James F. Miskel, ‘Dangerous Democracy? American Internationalism and the Greater Near East’, Orbis, 2004, 48, 3, 437–49.

46. Steven R. David, ‘American Foreign Policy Towards the Middle East: A Necessary Change?’, Israel Affairs, 2006, 12, 4, 614–41.

47. Barry Rubin, ‘Challenges and Options for the Obama Administration in the Middle East’, MERIA Journal, 2009, 13, 2.

48. Barry Rubin, ‘The Truth About U.S. Middle East Policy’, MERIA Journal, 2001, 5, 4.


49. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov, ‘The United States and Israel Since 1948: A "Special" Relationship?’, Diplomatic History, 1998, 22, 2, 231–62.

50. Scott B. Lasensky, ‘Friendly Restraint: U.S.-Israel Relations During the Gulf Crisis of 1990–1991’, MERIA Journal, 1999, 3, 2.

51. Abraham Ben-Zvi, ‘Paradigm Lost? The Limits of the American-Israeli Special Relationship’, Israel Affairs, 1997, 4, 2, 1–25.

52 David Rodman, ‘Patron-Client Dynamics: Mapping the American-Israeli Relationship’, Israel Affairs, 1997, 4, 2, 26–46.

Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Peace Process

53. Jonathan Rynhold, ‘The View From Jerusalem: Israeli-American Relations and the Peace Process since Camp David’, MERIA Journal, 4, 2.

54. Robert O. Freedman, ‘Bush Administration and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: The Record of its First Four Years’, MERIA Journal, 2005, 9, 1.

Arab Perceptions of America

55. Barry Rubin, ‘Satan or Savior? Arab Intellectuals Interpret the United States’, Middle East Quarterly, 2006, 13, 1.

56. Yahia H. Zoubir and Louisa Ait-Hamadouche, ‘Anti-Americanism in North Africa: Could State Relations Overcome Popular Resentment?’, Journal of North African Studies, 2006, 11, 1, 35–54.

57. Simon Haddad, ‘Muslim Attitude Towards Terrorism Against the US: A Case Study of Lebanon’, International Studies, 2003, 40, 4, 379–92.

Economic Policy

58. Robert Looney, ‘US Middle East Economic Policy: The Use of Free Trade Areas in the War on Terrorism’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2005, 16, 3, 102–17.

59. Paul L. Joskow, ‘United States Energy Policy During the 1990s’, Current History, 2002, 101, 653, 105–25.

Iran and America

60. Penelope Kinch, ‘The Iranian Crisis and the Dynamics of Advice and Intelligence in the Carter Administration’, Journal of Intelligence History, 2006, 6, 2, 75–88.

61. Akbar E. Torbat, ‘Impacts of the US Trade and Financial Sanctions on Iran’, World Economy, 2005, 28, 3, 407–34.

62. Enayatollah Yazdani and Rizwan Hussain, ‘United States’ Policy Towards Iran after the Islamic Revolution: An Iranian Perspective’, International Studies, 2006, 43, 3, 267–90.

Volume IV: US-Middle East: Sub-Regions and Events

The Iraq War

63. Michael Rubin, ‘Sanctions on Iraq: A Valid Anti-American Grievance?’, MERIA Journal, 2001, 5, 4.

64. James A Russell, ‘Searching for a Post-Saddam Regional Security Architecture’, MERIA Journal, 2003, 7, 1.

65. Kenneth M. Pollack, ''Passing the Baton: An Obama Administration Takes on the Challenge of Iraq'', MERIA Journal, 2008, 12, 4.

66. Aram Rafaat, ‘U.S.-Kurdish Relations in Post-Invasion Iraq’, MERIA Journal, 2007, 11, 4.

67. Barry Rubin, ‘Reality Bites: The Impending Logic of Withdrawal from Iraq’, Washington Quarterly, 2005, 28, 2, 67–80.

68. David C. Hendrickson and Robert W. Tucker, ‘Revisions in Need of Revising: What Went Wrong in the Iraq War’, Survival, 2005, 47, 2, 7–32.

69. James Kurth, ‘Ignoring History: U.S. Democratization in the Muslim World’, Orbis, 2005, 49, 2, 305–22.

North Africa

70. Yahia H. Zoubir and Karima Benabdallah-Gambier, ‘The United States and the North African Imbroglio: Balancing Interests in Algeria, Morocco, and the Western Sahara’, Mediterranean Politics, 2005, 10, 2, 181–202.

71. Jack Kalpakian, ‘Managing Morocco’s Image in United States Domestic Politics’, Journal of North African Studies, 2006, 11, 1, 55–70.

72. Abdelaziz Testas, ‘The United States’ Approach to Algeria’s Civil Conflict: Implications for Democratization, Internal Peace and Anti-American Violence’, Democratization, 2004, 11, 1, 87–120.

73. Yahia H. Zoubir, ‘Algeria and U.S. Interests: Containing Radical Islam and Promoting Democracy’, Middle East Policy, 2002, 9, 1, 64–81.

Persian Gulf

74. Steve A. Yetiv, ‘The Evolution of U.S.-Russian Rivalry and Cooperation in the Persian Gulf’, Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 1998, 21, 3, 13–31.

75. David E. Long, 'US-Saudi Relations: Evolution, Current Conditions, and Future Prospects’, Mediterranean Quarterly, 2004.

76. Josh Pollack, ‘Saudi Arabia and the United States, 1931–2002’, MERIA Journal, 2002, 6, 3.

77. F. Gregory Gause III, ‘Be Careful What You Wish For: The Future of U.S.-Saudi Relations’, World Policy Journal, 2002, 19, 1, 37–50.

11 September and the War on Terrorism

78. Timothy Naftali, ‘US Counterterrorism before Bin Laden’, International Journal, 2004–5, 60, 1, 25–34.

79. Ryan C. Hendrickson, ‘American War Powers and Terrorists: The Case of Usama Bin Laden’, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 2000, 23, 3, 161–74.

About the Series

Critical Concepts in Political Science

Critical Concepts in Political Science is a well-established series in Routledge’s Major Works publishing programme.

The series spans a broad range of titles with a number of collections covering key areas of this popular subject. Each of the Major Works collection within the series are edited by a leading scholar (or scholars). One of our most popular series, the next year is set to see a growing number of titles added, including Islamic Political and Social Movements.

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