The World Health Organization (WHO) is undergoing a crisis of credibility and challenge. Having been subjected to a severe financial crisis and criticisms of its management of pandemics such as the H1N1 flu case and the outbreak of Ebola, with a new Director-General at its helm, it is an ideal time to review the WHO’s past and current achievements including on-going operations and reported failures. Whilst time is given to recurrent attacks on WHO performance, it is balanced by also highlighting the WHO’s leadership, its member states, and its influence on other actors, NGOs and business. As such, this study reviews the WHO’s actions in the most visible programmes such as SARS, H1N1, Ebola and also smallpox, malaria, onchocerciasis, polio and AIDS. The author also discusses the desirable balance between operational and normative functions and proposals for reform of the Organization.
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Part I Who’s Mandate, Governance and Programmes
Chapter 1 Mandate, Structure and Functions
Chapter 2 Strategy and Programmes
Part II Global Outbreaks and Pandemics
Chapter 3 The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and The Avian Influenza
Chapter 4 The H1n1 Flu Pandemic Crisis and The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
Chapter 5 The Fight Against Ebola
Chapter 6 Fighting Zika
Part III Communicable Diseases: Control or Eradication?
Chapter 7 Fighting Malaria
Chapter 8 The Eradication of Smallpox
Chapter 9 The Onchocerciasis Control Programmes
Chapter 10 The Eradication of Polio
Chapter 11 The Global Fight Against Aids
Chapter 12 Fighting Tuberculosis
Part IV Fighting Non-Communicable Diseases
Chapter 13 Access to Essential Medicines
Chapter 14 Nutrition issues
Chapter 15 Fighting tobacco and alcohol
Yves Beigbeder (Dr Public Law) has written many books and articles on international organizations, international secretariats, UN management, international criminal tribunals, international humanitarian non-governmental organizations, the World Health Organization (WHO), International Public Health and Business . He assisted the French Judge at the Nuremberg Trial in 1946 as a legal secretary. He later worked in the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome, then in WHO as a Human Resources and legal professional in WHO Regional Offices and in Geneva. After his retirement from WHO, he lectured on international organizations and WHO in universities in Geneva, Paris, St Louis, Boston and Vancouver. He is currently Legal Counsel for international civil servants in Geneva in their complaints to the ILO and UN Administrative Tribunals.
Dr Beigbeder is a member of the Academic Council on the United Nations System, the Union of International Associations, Regent of the International Association for Humanitarian Medicine Brock Chisholm, a member of the Executive Committees of the Association of Former International Civil Servants, the Association of Former (WHO) Staff Members, the Association of Former International Civil Servants for Development (Greycells).