1st Edition

The bioeconomy and non-timber forest products

Edited By Carsten Smith-Hall, James Chamberlain Copyright 2023
    298 Pages 34 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book provides the first in-depth investigation of how non-timber forest products are an integral part of local, national, and global bioeconomies.

    While the plants and fungi that produce non-timber forest products are essential to the sustainability of forest ecosystems, peoples' food and livelihood security and sovereignty, and thus the bioeconomy, are often absent from bioeconomic strategies. Presenting a selection of empirical cases from around the world that engage with the bioeconomy and non-timber forest products, this volume reveals how essential these products are to creating a greener and more sustainable future, how to to better integrate them into efforts to transition to and expand the bioeconomy, and how such efforts can be supported and developed. Chapters analyse how and to what degree non-timber forest products promote sustainable resource use, generate employment, and contribute to food and livelihood security and poverty alleviation. The volume develops approaches and identifies interventions and policies to support the integration of non-timber forest products into bioeconomy strategies, including in national reporting schemes to provide recommendations for future research and practical implementation.

    This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of forest and natural resource management, bioeconomics, circular economy and ecological economics more widely. It will also be of interest to professionals working in sustainable development and the forestry sector.


    1. Why focus on non-timber forest products in the bioeconomy?
    2. Carsten Smith-Hall and James Chamberlain

      Part 1: Where are we – the starting point

    3. Non-timber forest products and the European bioeconomy: status and transition pathways
    4. Marko Lovrić, Sven Mutke, Elena Górriz Mifsud, Inazio Martinez de Arano, Davide Matteo Pettenella, Enrico Vidale, Irina Prokofieva, and Robert Mavsar

    5. Non-timber forest products in Canada: their role in bioeconomy
    6. Sen Wang, Harry Nelson, Shashi Kant, and Andrea Lyall

    7. Commercial fungi, indigenous communities, and the bioeconomy transition in Southwest China
    8. Jun He

    9. The potential for using non-timber forest products to develop the Brazilian bioeconomy
    10. Sandra Regina Afonso, Joberto Veloso de Freitas, Janaína D.A.S. Diniz, and Maria de Fátima de Brito Lima

    11. Informal markets, marginal populations, and the bioeconomy – the success story of açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) in the Guiana Shield
    12. Janaína D.A.S. Diniz and Nathalie Cialdella

    13. Lessons for the forest-based bioeconomy from non-timber forest products in Mexico
    14. María Teresa Pulido Silva and Daniela Ortega Meza

    15. Non-timber forest products and bioeconomy transitioning in Cameroon: potentials and challenges
    16. Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Gadinga Walter Forje, and Nyong Princely Awazi

      Part 2: How do we move on – specific examples

    17. An operational transition pathway to a forest-based bioeconomy: lessons from the wild-simulated ginseng industry
    18. Mi Sun Park and Hansol Lee

    19. The potential of non-timber forest products to contribute to the bioeconomy transition: the example of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) in Malawi
    20. Dietrich Darr, William K. Dumenu, Jens Gebauer, Victor Kasulo, Matthias Kleinke, Kathrin Meinhold, Chimuleke Munthali, and Florian Wichern

    21. A framework supporting the transition to a forest-based bioeconomy and its application to Nepal
    22. Meenakshi Piplani and Carsten Smith-Hall

    23. A national-level approach to integrating non-timber forest products and the bioeconomy: the example of Argentina
    24. Sandra Sharry, Patricia Boeri, and Natalia Raffaeli

      Part 3: Helpful tools and technologies – tricks of the trade

    25. Forest management for sustainable sourcing of non-timber forest products in a bioeconomy
    26. Michelle Balasso, Sven Mutke, Jonathan P. Sheppard, and James Chamberlain

    27. Mediterranean stone pine production systems and the emerging bioeconomy in Chile
    28. Verónica Loewe-Muñoz and Claudia Delard

    29. Participatory GIS applications for wild berry utilisation and the Finnish bioeconomy
    30. Rainer Peltola, Jari Miina, and Mikko Kurttila


    31. The keys to unlocking the bioeconomy with non-timber forest products

    James Chamberlain and Carsten Smith-Hall


    Carsten Smith-Hall is a Professor in Forest and People in Developing Countries in the Department of Food and Resource Economics at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. He co-coordinates the Global Task Force on Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Non-Timber Forest Products and serves the World Conservation Union's Medicinal Plant Specialist Group.

    James L. Chamberlain is a Research Forest Products Technologist for the US Forest Service and an Adjunct Faculty member in the Department of Sustainable Biomaterials at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA. He co-coordinates the Global Task Force on Unlocking the Bioeconomy and Non-Timber Forest Products.

    "This timely and seminal investigation enters almost untouched academic territory by combining scholarship on the bioeconomy and non-timber forest products, moving beyond the dominating Western and biotech focus. The book is of high value to students, researchers, and policy practitioners in bioeconomy, forestry, development, livelihoods & poverty around the globe."

    Lukas Giessen, Professor of Tropical & International Forestry, TU Dresden and Editor-in-Chief of Forest Policy and Economics

    "Forests play a critical role in supporting the transition from fossil fuels towards a "green" bioeconomy to tackle the climate crisis, biodiversity loss, and land degradation. This book analyses the importance of non-timber forest products in the bioeconomy on five continents, providing a solid scientific basis for insightful recommendations on sustainable management and increased benefits to communities living in and near forests."

    John Parrotta, President, International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)