Who composed in Charlemagne's name the impressive treatise that repudiates the Acts of the Second Council of Nicaea (but which, in the end, the king prevented for religio-political reasons from circulating in his own day)? This series of essays explores in turn the liturgical background, the Latinity, attitudes towards images and the historical circumstances of the time, including relations between Charlemagne, the pope and Byzantium. Ann Freeman presents solid evidence for identifying Charlemagne's spokesman as Theodulf, a Visigoth and refugee from the Moorish invasions of Spain, and reveals the impressive extent of the learning he brought with him - which lead eventually to his appointment as Bishop of Orléans. The final and most up-to-date summary of the findings concerning Theodulf's authorship was presented in German in the introduction to her new edition of the Opus Caroli regis contra synodum (formerly known as the Libri Carolini); the original English version of this is now published here.
Contents: Preface; Preliminary note to study I; Opus Caroli Regis contra synodum: an introduction; Theodulf of Orléans and the Libri Carolini; Carolingian orthodoxy and the fate of the Libri Carolini; Additions and corrections to the Libri Carolini: links with Alcuin and the adoptionist controversy; Further studies in the Libri Carolini, III: the marginal notes in Vaticanus Latinus 7207; Theodulf of Orléans and the psalm citations of the Libri Carolini; Scripture and images in the Libri Carolini; Theodulf of Orléans: a Visigoth at Charlemagne's court; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
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