Theory of Social Enterprise and Pluralism: Social Movements, Solidarity Economy, and Global South, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Theory of Social Enterprise and Pluralism

Social Movements, Solidarity Economy, and Global South, 1st Edition

Edited by Philippe Eynaud, Jean-Louis Laville, Luciane dos Santos, Swati Banerjee, Flor Avelino, Lars Hulgård


250 pages

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pub: 2019-05-23
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In the past decades, social enterprise has been an emerging field of research. Its main frameworks have been provided by Occidental approaches. Mainly based on an organizational vision, they give little or no room to questions such as gender, race, colonialism, class, power relations and intertwined forms of inequality. However, a wide range of worldwide hidden, popular initiatives can be considered as another form of social enterprises based on solidarity, re-embedding the economy as well as broadening the political scope. This has been shown in a previous book: Civil Society, the Third Sector, and Social Enterprise: Governance and Democracy.

Thus, to be more than a fashion or a fictitious panacea, the concept of social enterprise needs to be debated. Southern realities cannot be only understood through imported categories and outside modeled guidelines. This book engages a multicontinental and pluridisciplinary discussion in order to provide a pluralist theory of social enterprise. The book will be of interest to researchers, academics and students in the fields of social entrepreneurship, social innovation, development studies, management studies and social work.

Table of Contents

Authors’ Biographies

PART 1: Opening dialogue for a new conceptual framework

CHAPTER 1: Social enterprise: is it possible to decolonise this concept? / L. Lucas dos Santos, S. Banerjee

CHAPTER 2: Rethinking social enterprise through philanthropic and democratic solidarity/ J.L. Laville, P. Eynaud

CHAPTER 3: A cross-disciplinary and international perspective / J. L. Laville, P. Eynaud

PART 2: A global approach of social enterprise

CHAPTER 4: Reconfiguring the social and solidarity economy in a Danish/Nordic welfare context / L. Hulgård, L. L. Andersen

CHAPTER 5: The domestic domain within a post-colonial, feminist reading of social enterprise: towards a substantive, gender-based concept of solidarity enterprise / I. Hillenkamp, L. Lucas dos Santos

CHAPTER 6: Reimagining the Social Enterprise through Grassroots Social Innovations in India / S. Banerjee, A. Shaban

CHAPTER 7: The reconciliation between economic and social in the notion of a social enterprise: limits and possibilities in Brazil / G. C. de França Filho, A. S. Rigo, W. J. de Souza

CHAPTER 8: Social enterprise between crime economy and democratic transformation in Southern Italy / E. Bucolo

CHAPTER 9: Why is solidarity-type social enterprise invisible in Portugal? / P. Hespanha

CHAPTER 10: The transformative potential of plural social enterprise: A multi-actor perspective / F. Avelino, J. M. Wittmayer

PART 3: Avenues for further research

CHAPTER 11: Deepening the theoretical and critical debate through North South dialogue / L. Hulgård, F. Avelino, P. Eynaud, J. L. Laville,


About the Editors

Philippe Eynaud is full professor at Sorbonne Business School, University Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, and a researcher in Gregor.

Jean-Louis Laville is professor at the Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (Cnam, Paris) and director of the research programme: "Plural democracy and economy" at Collège d’études mondiales—FMSH, Paris.

Luciane Lucas dos Santos is senior researcher at the Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, integrating and co-coordinating the Research Group on Democracy, Citizenship and Law (DECIDe).

Swati Banerjee is professor and chairperson at the Centre for Livelihoods and Social Innovation, School of Social Work, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, and coordinator, Right Livelihood College, RLC—TISS, one of the nine RLC campuses across the globe.

Flor Avelino is assistant professor and senior researcher in the politics of sustainability transitions and social innovation at the Dutch Research Institute for Transitions (DRIFT, Erasmus University of Rotterdam,

Lars Hulgård is full professor of social entrepreneurship, Roskilde University, and permanent visiting professor at Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Social Enterprise & Social Innovation

Over the last decades, in parallel to major changes towards privatization in the welfare regimes of advanced industrialized countries, social innovation, social enterprise and social entrepreneurship have gradually become "à la mode". They are interpreted in policy documents in market-economic terms, making social enterprises a valuable partner for policy makers looking for innovative ways of addressing social and societal problems, among which bringing the excluded back into society and increasing social cohesion. However, balancing active citizenship and empowerment, on the one hand, and market-based social service delivery and innovation in a sustainable manner, on the other, represents a daunting challenge.

In this context, social innovation is conceived as creative solutions to existing wicked social problems, at the level of both concrete outcome and process; and social enterprises are heralded as vehicles for such societal improvement. However, beyond the superficial approaches to social innovation, its relationship with social enterprises and social entrepreneurship remains to be better understood and systematized. Therefore, the series invites contributions that are committed to understanding the complexity of these transformations by engaging in new dialogues within and among all regions of the world, each with its specific historical, cultural, social and political contexts, as well as among disciplines, as these evolutions must be tackled in their multi-dimensional nature.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Entrepreneurship
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / General