In the past decades, social enterprise has been an emerging field of research. Its main frameworks have been provided by Occidental approaches. Mainly based on an organizational vision, they give little or no room to questions such as gender, race, colonialism, class, power relations and intertwined forms of inequality. However, a wide range of worldwide hidden, popular initiatives can be considered as another form of social enterprises based on solidarity, re-embedding the economy as well as broadening the political scope. This has been shown in a previous book: Civil Society, the Third Sector, and Social Enterprise: Governance and Democracy.
Thus, to be more than a fashion or a fictitious panacea, the concept of social enterprise needs to be debated. Southern realities cannot be only understood through imported categories and outside modeled guidelines. This book engages a multicontinental and pluridisciplinary discussion in order to provide a pluralist theory of social enterprise. The book will be of interest to researchers, academics and students in the fields of social entrepreneurship, social innovation, development studies, management studies and social work.
PART 1: Opening dialogue for a new conceptual framework
CHAPTER 1: Social enterprise: is it possible to decolonise this concept? / L. Lucas dos Santos, S. Banerjee
CHAPTER 2: Rethinking social enterprise through philanthropic and democratic solidarity/ J.L. Laville, P. Eynaud
CHAPTER 3: A cross-disciplinary and international perspective / J. L. Laville, P. Eynaud
PART 2: A global approach of social enterprise
CHAPTER 4: Reconfiguring the social and solidarity economy in a Danish/Nordic welfare context / L. Hulgård, L. L. Andersen
CHAPTER 5: The domestic domain within a post-colonial, feminist reading of social enterprise: towards a substantive, gender-based concept of solidarity enterprise / I. Hillenkamp, L. Lucas dos Santos
CHAPTER 6: Reimagining the Social Enterprise through Grassroots Social Innovations in India / S. Banerjee, A. Shaban
CHAPTER 7: The reconciliation between economic and social in the notion of a social enterprise: limits and possibilities in Brazil / G. C. de França Filho, A. S. Rigo, W. J. de Souza
CHAPTER 8: Social enterprise between crime economy and democratic transformation in Southern Italy / E. Bucolo
CHAPTER 9: Why is solidarity-type social enterprise invisible in Portugal? / P. Hespanha
CHAPTER 10: The transformative potential of plural social enterprise: A multi-actor perspective / F. Avelino, J. M. Wittmayer
PART 3: Avenues for further research
CHAPTER 11: Deepening the theoretical and critical debate through North South dialogue / L. Hulgård, F. Avelino, P. Eynaud, J. L. Laville,
Over the last decades, in parallel to major changes towards privatization in the welfare regimes of advanced industrialized countries, social innovation, social enterprise and social entrepreneurship have gradually become "à la mode". They are interpreted in policy documents in market-economic terms, making social enterprises a valuable partner for policy makers looking for innovative ways of addressing social and societal problems, among which bringing the excluded back into society and increasing social cohesion. However, balancing active citizenship and empowerment, on the one hand, and market-based social service delivery and innovation in a sustainable manner, on the other, represents a daunting challenge.
In this context, social innovation is conceived as creative solutions to existing wicked social problems, at the level of both concrete outcome and process; and social enterprises are heralded as vehicles for such societal improvement. However, beyond the superficial approaches to social innovation, its relationship with social enterprises and social entrepreneurship remains to be better understood and systematized. Therefore, the series invites contributions that are committed to understanding the complexity of these transformations by engaging in new dialogues within and among all regions of the world, each with its specific historical, cultural, social and political contexts, as well as among disciplines, as these evolutions must be tackled in their multi-dimensional nature.