Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants

1st Edition

By G.B. Manelis

CRC Press

376 pages

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pub: 2003-01-30
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Description

This unique book investigates the synthesis, kinetics, and thermal decomposition properties and processing of energy-producing materials used in propellants, explosives, pyrotechnic, and gas-generating compositions.

Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants provides several mechanisms and stages for the thermal decomposition and combustion reactions of most flammable compounds and their mixtures, such asaliphatic and aromatic nitrocompounds, nitramines, nitroesters, organic azides, furazanes, tetrazols, difluoroamines, polynitrous heterocycles, and onium salts. The authors examine the classic problem of the dependence of explosive activity on molecular structure, using applications to predict the stability, compatibility, and the stabilization of explosives and propellant components. They also offer experimental results examining factors such as subsurface decomposition, evaporation, and dispersion of materials, which can be used to control combustion of condensed systems.

Providing several approaches to stability, safety, and controlled combustion of flammable substances, Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants is a multi-dimensional resource for graduate students, researchers and professionals interested in chemical kinetics, the combustion and synthesis of high-energy materials, criminal forensics, and the field of explosives, powders, and solid rocket propellants.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION KINETIC PROBLEMS OF DECOMPOSITION OF EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS

References

GENERAL REGULARITIES OF THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF HIGH-ENERGY COMPOUNDS

Gas Phase Reactions

Liquid Phase Reactions

Decomposition In The Solid State

References

ALIPHATIC NITROCOMPOUNDS

Gas Phase Decomposition By The Molecular Mechanism

Gas Phase Decomposition By The Radical Mechanism

Competition Of The Radical And Molecular Mechanisms

Reactions In The Condensed State

References

AROMATIC NITROCOMPOUNDS

Gas Phase Decomposition By The Radical Mechanism

Molecular Mechanism Of Decomposition

Decomposition In The Liquid State

Decomposition In The Solid State

References

SECONDARY NITROAMINES

First Stage Of Decomposition

Secondary Reactions

Kinetic Data

References

ORGANIC AZIDES

Aliphatic Azides

Aromatic And Heterocyclic Azides

References

ORGANIC DIFLUOROAMINO COMPOUNDS

References

HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS

Thermal Decomposition Of Furazanes And Furoxanes

Stability Of Tetrazoles

References

NITROESTERS

References

COMPOUNDS WITH MIXED FUNCTIONS

References

GENERAL REGULARITIES OF THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF ONIUM SALTS, NITRIC AND PERCHLORIC ACIDS, DINITRAMIDE

General Regularities

Nitric Acid

Perchloric Acid

Ninitramide

References

AMMONIUM NITRATE

General Regularities

Influence Of Water, Acid, And Ammonia On The Decomposition Rate

The Heat And Macrokinetic Regularities Of Decomposition

Thermal Decomposition Below The Melting Temperature

Influence Of Additives On The Rate Of Thermal Decomposition

AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE

Kinetics Of The Low-Temperature Decomposition

Kinetics Of The High-Temperature Decomposition

Influence Of Excessive Acids And Bases

Topochemical Peculiarities Of Thermal Decomposition

Influence Of The Preliminary Irradiation And Additives

Thermal Decomposition Of Composite Ap-Based Systems

References

AMMONIUM DINTRAMIDE

Decomposition In The Melt

Decomposition In The Solid Phase

References

THE SALTS OF HYDRAZINIUM, HYDROXYLAMMONIUM, AND NITRONIUM

Hydrazinium Nitrate And Chloride

Hydrazine Iodide

Hydrazinium Azide

Hydrazinium Perchloriate And Diperchlorate

Hydroxyl Mmonium Sulphate And Phosphate

Hydroxylammonium Chloride

Hydroxylammonium Perchlorate And Its Hydroxylamine Complex

Hydroxylammonium Nitrate

Nitronium Perchlorate

References

METAL PERCHLORATES AND NITRATES, METAL SALTS OF DINITRAMIDE

Metal Perchlorates

Metal Nitrates

Metal Salts Of Ninitramide

Decomposition Of Potassium Salt In The Liquid State

Decomposition Of Potassium Salt In The Solid Phase

Dinitramide Salts Of Other Metals

References

BASIC ASPECTS OF THE COMBUSTION MECHANISM

COMBUSTION OF PURE SUBSTANCES: REACTIONS IN THE CONDENSED PHASE

The Model With Dispersion Of The Solid Substance

The Model With Foaming Of The Reacting Substance

The Model With Evaporation Or Sublimation

References

COMBUSTION OF PURE SUBSTANCES: REACTIONS IN THE GAS PHASE

References

COMBUSTION OF PURE SUBSTANCES: REACTIONS IN THE CONDENSED AND GAS PHASES

References

COMBUSTION OF CONDENSED COMPOSITE SYSTEMS

Quasihomogenous Composites

Layered Systems

Composite Propellants

References

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science