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Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants




ISBN 9780415299848
Published January 29, 2003 by CRC Press
376 Pages

 
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Book Description

This unique book investigates the synthesis, kinetics, and thermal decomposition properties and processing of energy-producing materials used in propellants, explosives, pyrotechnic, and gas-generating compositions.

Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants provides several mechanisms and stages for the thermal decomposition and combustion reactions of most flammable compounds and their mixtures, such asaliphatic and aromatic nitrocompounds, nitramines, nitroesters, organic azides, furazanes, tetrazols, difluoroamines, polynitrous heterocycles, and onium salts. The authors examine the classic problem of the dependence of explosive activity on molecular structure, using applications to predict the stability, compatibility, and the stabilization of explosives and propellant components. They also offer experimental results examining factors such as subsurface decomposition, evaporation, and dispersion of materials, which can be used to control combustion of condensed systems.

Providing several approaches to stability, safety, and controlled combustion of flammable substances, Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Propellants is a multi-dimensional resource for graduate students, researchers and professionals interested in chemical kinetics, the combustion and synthesis of high-energy materials, criminal forensics, and the field of explosives, powders, and solid rocket propellants.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION KINETIC PROBLEMS OF DECOMPOSITION OF EXPLOSIVES AND PROPELLANTS
References

GENERAL REGULARITIES OF THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF HIGH-ENERGY COMPOUNDS
Gas Phase Reactions
Liquid Phase Reactions
Decomposition In The Solid State
References

ALIPHATIC NITROCOMPOUNDS
Gas Phase Decomposition By The Molecular Mechanism
Gas Phase Decomposition By The Radical Mechanism
Competition Of The Radical And Molecular Mechanisms
Reactions In The Condensed State
References

AROMATIC NITROCOMPOUNDS
Gas Phase Decomposition By The Radical Mechanism
Molecular Mechanism Of Decomposition
Decomposition In The Liquid State
Decomposition In The Solid State
References

SECONDARY NITROAMINES
First Stage Of Decomposition
Secondary Reactions
Kinetic Data
References

ORGANIC AZIDES
Aliphatic Azides
Aromatic And Heterocyclic Azides
References

ORGANIC DIFLUOROAMINO COMPOUNDS
References

HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
Thermal Decomposition Of Furazanes And Furoxanes
Stability Of Tetrazoles
References

NITROESTERS
References

COMPOUNDS WITH MIXED FUNCTIONS
References

GENERAL REGULARITIES OF THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF ONIUM SALTS, NITRIC AND PERCHLORIC ACIDS, DINITRAMIDE
General Regularities
Nitric Acid
Perchloric Acid
Ninitramide
References

AMMONIUM NITRATE
General Regularities
Influence Of Water, Acid, And Ammonia On The Decomposition Rate
The Heat And Macrokinetic Regularities Of Decomposition
Thermal Decomposition Below The Melting Temperature
Influence Of Additives On The Rate Of Thermal Decomposition

AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE
Kinetics Of The Low-Temperature Decomposition
Kinetics Of The High-Temperature Decomposition
Influence Of Excessive Acids And Bases
Topochemical Peculiarities Of Thermal Decomposition
Influence Of The Preliminary Irradiation And Additives
Thermal Decomposition Of Composite Ap-Based Systems
References

AMMONIUM DINTRAMIDE
Decomposition In The Melt
Decomposition In The Solid Phase
References

THE SALTS OF HYDRAZINIUM, HYDROXYLAMMONIUM, AND NITRONIUM
Hydrazinium Nitrate And Chloride
Hydrazine Iodide
Hydrazinium Azide
Hydrazinium Perchloriate And Diperchlorate
Hydroxyl Mmonium Sulphate And Phosphate
Hydroxylammonium Chloride
Hydroxylammonium Perchlorate And Its Hydroxylamine Complex
Hydroxylammonium Nitrate
Nitronium Perchlorate
References

METAL PERCHLORATES AND NITRATES, METAL SALTS OF DINITRAMIDE
Metal Perchlorates
Metal Nitrates
Metal Salts Of Ninitramide
Decomposition Of Potassium Salt In The Liquid State
Decomposition Of Potassium Salt In The Solid Phase
Dinitramide Salts Of Other Metals
References

BASIC ASPECTS OF THE COMBUSTION MECHANISM

COMBUSTION OF PURE SUBSTANCES: REACTIONS IN THE CONDENSED PHASE
The Model With Dispersion Of The Solid Substance
The Model With Foaming Of The Reacting Substance
The Model With Evaporation Or Sublimation
References

COMBUSTION OF PURE SUBSTANCES: REACTIONS IN THE GAS PHASE
References

COMBUSTION OF PURE SUBSTANCES: REACTIONS IN THE CONDENSED AND GAS PHASES
References

COMBUSTION OF CONDENSED COMPOSITE SYSTEMS
Quasihomogenous Composites
Layered Systems
Composite Propellants
References

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