This text examines the thermal and catalytic processes involved in the refining of petroleum including visbreaking, coking, pyrolysis, catalytic cracking, oligomerization, alkylation, hydrofining, hydroisomerization, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming. It analyzes the thermodynamics, reaction mechanisms, and kinetics of each process, as well as the effects of operating conditions and reactor design on process performance and product quality. This is a valuable resource for chemists who wish to improve their knowledge of some of the real world issues that must be addressed in hydrocarbon conversion. Topics include processes on metallic catalysts, processes using bifunctional catalysts, and catalytic reforming.
Thermal conversion processes: thermodynamical analysis of technological processes; theoretical background of thermal processes; reaction systems; industrial implementation of thermal processes; elements of reactor design. Processes on acid catalysts: theoretical basis of catalytic cracking; industrial catalytic cracking; design elements for the reactor-regenerator system; other processes on acid catalysts. Processes on metalic catalysts: hydrofining and hydrotreating. Processes using bifunctional catalysts: hydroisomerization of alkanes; hydrocracking; Catalytic reforming; process combination and complex processing schemes. Appendix: influence of the n/i alkanes ratio in the pyrolysis feed on the ethene/propene ratio in the products.