Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends, Volume I  book cover
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Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends, Volume I




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ISBN 9781566766241
Published January 14, 1998 by CRC Press
450 Pages

 
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Book Description

Thermodynamics is an indispensable tool for developing a large and growing fraction of new polymers and polymer blends.
These two volumes show the researcher how thermodynamics can be used to rank polymer pairs in order of immiscibility, including the search for suitable chemical structure of compatibilizers.
Because of the great current commercial interest in this most dynamic sector of the polymer industry, there is high interest in studying their physical and mechanical properties, their structures, and the processes of their formation and manufacture.
These Books are dedicated to Analysis of the Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends. Thermodynamic behavior of blends determines the compatibility of the components, their morphological features, rheological behavior, and microphase structures. As a result, the most important physical and mechanical characteristics of blends can be identified.
The information in these two volumes will be useful to all those involved in polymer research, development, analysis and advanced process engineering.

Table of Contents

Volume 1

Preface
Basic Principles of Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions
1.1 The Main Thermodynamic Characteristics of Solution
1.2 Regular Solutions. Hildebrand-Scatchard Equation
1.3 Phase Equilibrium in Solutions. Binodals, and Spinodals
1.4 The Flory-Huggins Theory
1.4.1 Entropy of Mixing
1.4.2 The Heat and Free Energy of Mixing
1.5 Dilute Solutions of Polymers
1.6 Phase Separation In Polymer Solutions
References

Statistical Theories of Polymer Solutions
2.1 The Theory by Prigogine-Patterson
2.2 The Role of Various Contributions of the Mixing Parameters
2.3 Effect of Solvent Chain Length on the Interaction Parameters
2.4 New Flory Theory
2.5 Modification of the New Flory Theory
2.6 New Huggins Theory
2.7 Sanchez-Lacombe Theory
2.7.1 Equation of State
2.7.2 Mixtures of Liquids
2.7.3 Free Energy and Chemical Potential
2.7.4 Functions of Mixing
2.7.5 Phase Stability and Spinodal
2.8 Some Experimental Results of Thermodynamic Properties of Polymer Solutions
References

Thermodynamics of Polymer Mixing
3.1 Binary Mixtures
3.1.1 Application of the Theory of Regular Solutions to Thermodynamics of Polymer Mixing
3.1.2 Application of New Statistical Theories for Describing Thermodynamic Properties of Polymer Mixtures
3.1.3 The Application of the New Huggins Theory
3.1.4 The Sanchez-Lacombe Theory
3.1.4.1 Chemical Potentials
3.1.4.2 The Stability of Phase and Spinodal
3.1.4.3 Criterion of Miscibility of Polymer-polymer Mixture
3.2 Experimental Data on Thermodynamic Properties of Binary Polymer Mixtures
3.2.1 Phase Behavior of Binary Polymer Mixtures
3.2.2 Concentration and Temperature Dependencies of Parameters of Thermodynamic Interactions in the Mixtures of Oligomers and Polymer Homologues
3.2.3 Influence of Various Factors on the Miscibility
3.2.3.1 Deuteration and Tacticity of Polymers
3.2.3.2 Branching of Chains
3.2.3.3 Effect of Pressure
3.2.3.4 Asymmetry of the Length of Statistical Segment
3.2.4 Possible Errors in Estimating the Miscibility of Mixtures Obtained from Solutions in a Common Solvent
3.3 Miscibility of Polymers at the Interface with Solid
3.3.1 Phase Diagrams of Filled Polymer Mixtures
3.3.2 Phase Separation in Thin Films of Polymer Mixtures at the Interface with Solid
3.3.3 Thermodynamic Interaction Parameters in Filled Polymer Mixtures
3.3.4 On the Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Compatibilization of Polymer Mixtures
3.4 Ternary Polymer Systems
3.4.1 Ternary Systems Polymer-polymer-solvent
3.4.2 Ternary Polymer-polymer-polymer Systems
3.5 Thermodynamics of Formation of Stable Dispersion in Binary Polymer Mixtures
References

Homopolymer-copolymer and Copolymer-copolymer Blends
4.1 Mean-field Binary Interaction Models
4.1.1 Miscibility Windows
4.2 Effect of the Sequence Distribution in Copolymer on the Phase Behavior of Homopolymer-copolymer Mixtures
4.3 The Dependence of the Phase Behavior of Copolymer Mixtures of Various Compositions on the Sequence Distribution
4.4 The Effect of the Sequence Distribution in Copolymer and Its Compatibilizing Effect in Mixture of Two Immiscible Polymers
4.4.1 Mixtures of Homopolymers with Homologue Series of Polymers of Another Chemical Nature
4.5 Ternary Mixtures
4.6 Modified Theories of the Equation-of-state
References

Mechanism and Kinetics of Phase Separation in Polymer Solutions and Blends
5.1 Nucleation and Growth
5.2 Spinodal Mechanism of Phase Separation
5.3 Application of the Theory of Spinodal Decomposition to Polymeric Systems
5.4 Some Experimental Results on Kinetics of Phase Separation in Solutions and Mixtures of Polymers
5.5 Factors Influencing the Kinetics of Phase Separation
5.5.1 Tacticity
5.5.2 Effects of Addition of Diblock-copolymers
5.5.3 Spinodal Decomposition Near Solid Surface
5.5.4 Shear-induced Phase Separation
5.6 Phase Separation Accompanying Reactions of Polymer Blend Formation
5.6.1 Spinodal Decomposition in IPNs
5.6.2 Nucleation and Growth During IPN Formation
5.6.3 Some Features of Microphase Structure of IPNs
References
Interface in Demixing Solutions and Polymer Mixtures
6.1 Vrij-Roebersen Theory
6.2 Kammer's Theory
6.3 The Theory by Helfand
6.4 The Theory by Nose
6.5 Sanchez-Lacombe Theory
6.6 Other Theories of Polymer-polymer Interface
6.7 Scaling Principle in Describing the Interface
6.8 Some Experimental Data on the Interfacial Properties of Polymer Blends
6.8.1 Interfacial Tension
6.8.2 The Interfacial Width and Interfacial Profiles
6.9 Surface Segregation in Polymer Mixtures
6.9.1 Surface Segregation Near the Interface with Solid
6.10 Segregation of Block-copolymers at the Interface Between Homopolymers
References

Nomenclature
Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Nesterov\, Anatoly E.; Lipatov\, Yuri S.