Our attitude to nature has changed over time. This book explores the historical, literary and philosophical origins of the changes in our attitude to nature that allowed environmental catastrophes to happen. It presents a philosophical reflection on human societies’ attitude to the environment, informed by the history of the concept of landscape and the role played by the concept of nature in the human imagination and features a wealth of examples from around the world to help understand the contemporary environmental crisis in the context of both the built and natural environment.
Thinking Through Landscape locates the start of this change in human labour and urban elites being cut off from nature. Nature became an imaginary construct masking our real interaction with the natural world. The book argues that this gave rise to a theoretical and literary appreciation of landscape at the expense of an effective practical engagement with nature. It draws on Heideggerian ontology and Veblen’s sociology, providing a powerful distinction between two attitudes to landscape: the tacit knowledge of earlier peoples engaged in creating the landscape through their work - "landscaping thought"- and the explicit theoretical and aesthetic attitudes of modern city dwellers who love nature while belonging to a civilization that destroys the landscape - "landscape thinking".
This book gives a critical survey of landscape thought and theory for students, researchers and anyone interested in human societies’ relation to nature in the fields of landscape studies, environmental philosophy, cultural geography and environmental history.
Table of Contents
Chapter1: The Waves of History 1. Landscape and Thought 2. The Landscape without Landscape Architects 3. The Waves of History Chapter 2: The Earth, Acting Spontaneously 4. The Almond Tree, Barley and the Olive Tree 5. Earthly Leisure 6. The Countryside and the Obscure Female Chapter 3: The Third Day of the Third Month 7. The Cave with the Goat-foot 8. The Descent of the Tichka 9. The Witnesses to the Birth of the Landscape Chapter 4: They do not know how to look 10. Lunch on the Asqqif 11. The Quest for Authenticity 12. Xie Lingyun’s Principle Chapter 5: While having substance, it tends towards the Spirit 13. The Principle of Zong Bing 14. Down with Harmony! 15. Modern De-Cosmisation Chapter 6: An Obscure Thing before it is said 16. The Earth as a Starting Point 17. The Profound Meaning of the Landscape 18. There is our Authenticity Codicil: For Those Who Would Want to Overcome Modernity Landscape and Reality
Augustin Berque is Director of Studies in Environmental Philosophy and Geography at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, France.