Unlike many of his contemporaries, Thomas Hardy is not generally recognized as an imperial writer, even though he wrote during a period of major expansion of the British Empire and in spite of the many allusions to the Roman Empire and Napoleonic Wars in his writing. Jane L. Bownas examines the context of these references, proposing that Hardy was a writer who not only posed a challenge to the whole of established society, but one whose writings bring into question the very notion of empire. Bownas argues that Hardy takes up ideas of the primitive and civilized that were central to Western thought in the nineteenth century, contesting this opposition and highlighting the effect outsiders have on so-called 'primitive' communities. In her discussion of the oppressions of imperialism, she analyzes the debate surrounding the use of gender as an articulated category, together with race and class, and shows how, in exposing the power structures operating within Britain, Hardy produces a critique of all forms of ideological oppression.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction; Colonies and colonizers; Roman invaders: the rise and fall of imperial powers; The Dynasts: Hardy and the Napoleonic wars; The primitive and the civilized: pagans and colonizers in woodland and heath; The crossing of boundaries: race, class and gender as articulated caregories; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.
Jane Bownas is an independent scholar in the UK and has published several articles on Thomas Hardy.
'... studying both his prose and his poetry, the author succeeds in further defending the idea that Hardy wrote against ideological oppression. She also gives us a complete, extremely well-versed perspective on imperial studies, relying on an extensive bibliography, which enables the reader to have clear insight into the position held by nineteenth-century Britain towards its empire.' Cahiers Victoriens et Edouardiens 'Bownas'ss viewpoint is well and clearly argued throughout.' English Studies