1st Edition

Three Faces of Populism in Asia Populism as a Multifaceted Political Practice

Edited By Shiru Wang Copyright 2024
    226 Pages 17 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Drawing on evidence from eight case studies from across three Asian subregions, this volume highlights the distinctive features of Asian populism in comparison with Western experiences. In contrast to the latter, populist practices in Asia tend to exhibit an ambiguous nature, often characterized by ad hoc and mixed ideological add-ons.

    The case studies shed light on the cultural dimension of populism, an aspect that has been largely overlooked in Western contexts. Empirical evidence shows that political culture and identity politics exert an influence on populist practices in Asia. In the meantime, populist attitudes towards the role of politicians, the popular will and the relationship between the elite and the people can serve as an explanatory variable for political outcomes. The relationship between populism and democracy in Asia is observed to be more intricate than that in Western contexts. Populism is not necessarily endogenous to democracy, and thus its emergence may not solely be a response to the crisis of democracy.

    The book presents a valuable resource for scholars and students of Asian politics and those looking at the phenomenon of populism through a comparative lens.



    List of Figures

    List of Tables



    List of Contributors


    Chapter 1. Introduction: Populism as a Multifaceted Political Practice

    Shiru Wang    


    Chapter 2. Populisms in India: Conditions and a Concept

    Srikrishna Ayyangar


    Chapter 3. Varieties of Chinese Populism: Mapping the Mindsets of Pro- and Anti-System Populists

    Sarah Eaton and Armin Müller


    Chapter 4. Prabowo’s Populism in Indonesia: Primary Concept and Secondary Ideas

    Andreas Ufen


    Chapter 5. Populism as a Strategy in Malaysia

    Syaza Shukri


    Chapter 6. The Hauntological Approach to Populism: A Case Study of South Korea in a Global Perspective

    Sang-Jin Han


    Chapter 7. Varieties of Populism in Japan: Reiwa Shinsengumi, the Japan Restoration Party and the Ambiguities in Classifying Populism

    Andreas Eder-Ramsauer and Mitsuru Matsutani


    Chapter 8. Measuring Populism in Taiwan

    Jason Kuo


    Chapter 9. Grassroots Populism in a Pro-Democracy Social Movement: The Case of Hong Kong

    Shiru Wang


    Chapter 10. A Short Conclusion

    Shiru Wang                




    Shiru Wang is Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Science at Hang Seng University, Hong Kong.