Tilapia : Biology, Culture, and Nutrition book cover
1st Edition

Biology, Culture, and Nutrition

ISBN 9781560223184
Published August 21, 2006 by CRC Press
704 Pages

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USD $130.00

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Book Description

Learn to maximize tilapia production in different areas around the world

Tilapia is the second-most cultured fish species in the world, and its production is increasing each year. However, for several reasons profit margins remain slim. Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition presents respected international experts detailing every aspect of tilapia production around the world. Biology, breeding and larval rearing, farming techniques, feeding issues, post-harvest technology, and industry economics are clearly presented. This concise yet extensive reference provides the latest research and practical information to efficiently and economically maximize production in diverse locales, conditions, and climates.

Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition comprehensively explores all types of tilapia with a detailed biologic description of the fish that takes readers from egg through harvesting. The book authoritatively discusses production issues such as feed nutrition, temperature, water quality, parasites, and disease control to guide readers on how to best encourage fast, efficient growth. Economic and marketing information are examined, including industry data and projections by country. Each chapter approaches a specific facet of tilapia and provides the most up-to-date research available in that area. This resource gives the most current, detailed information needed for effective tilapia farming in one compact economical volume. Extensively referenced with an abundance of clear, helpful tables, photographs, and figures.

Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition discusses in detail:

  • complete biology, including sex ratios, optimum temperatures for growth and spawning, water quality parameters, and disease tolerance
  • industry predictions
  • hormonal control of growth
  • genetic improvement
  • sex determination, manipulation, and control
  • seed production
  • culture practices
  • earthen and lined pond production
  • culture in flowing water
  • cage culture
  • feed formulation and processing, and feeding management
  • soil, water, and effluent quality
  • saline tolerance levels with optimum rate of acclimation to seawater
  • polyculture of tilapia with shrimp
  • bottom soil conditions
  • nutrient requirements with non-nutrient components
  • parasites and diseases

Tilapia: Biology, Culture, and Nutrition is essential reading for aquaculturists, nutritionists, geneticists, hatchery managers, feed formulators, feed mill operators, extension specialists, tilapia growers, fish farmers/producers, educators, disease specialists, aquaculture veterinarians, policy makers, educators, and students.

Table of Contents

  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Biology (William L. Shelton and Thomas J. Popma)
  • Introduction
  • Taxonomic Relationships
  • Biogeography
  • Bionomics and Life History
  • Environmental Biology
  • Chapter 2. Prospect and Potential for Global Production (Kevin Fitzsimmons)
  • Introduction
  • Overview of Tilapia Produced for International Trade
  • Regional Production and Markets
  • Industry Predictions and Outlook
  • Chapter 3. Control of Growth: Developments and Prospects (Brian S. Shepherd, Gregory M. Weber, Mathilakath M. Vijayan, Andre Seale, Larry G. Riley, M. Fernanda Rodriguez, N. Harold Richman III, Tetsuya Hirano, and E. Gordon Grau)
  • Introduction
  • Relevance of Neuroendocrine Research to Tilapia Aquaculture
  • Hormonal Control of Growth in Tilapia
  • Nonhormonal Control of Growth in Tilapia
  • Novel Approaches to Growth Enhancement
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. Recent Directions in Genetics (C. Greg Lutz)
  • Traditional Animal Breeding Approaches
  • Artificial Spawning: Implications for Genetic Improvement
  • Chromosomal Manipulations
  • Transgenic Tilapia
  • Molecular Discrimination/Characterization and Gene Mapping
  • Chapter 5. Fingerling Production Systems (Bartholomew W. Green)
  • Introduction
  • Production Methodologies
  • Interspawning Interval
  • Incubation
  • Fry Rearing
  • Hatchery-Phase Fishing Health Management
  • Fingerling Nursery Rearing
  • Chapter 6. Hormone Manipulation of Sex (Ronald P. Phelps)
  • Introduction
  • Chemicals Used to Direct Gonadal Differentiation
  • Mode of Hormone Action—Or Why Sex Reversal Works
  • Fish Species Evaluated
  • Protocols for Sex Reversal of Tilapia with Hormone-Treated Feed
  • Sex Reversal of Tilapia Through Immersion (Bath) Treatments
  • Evaluation of Treatment Efficacy
  • Factors Affecting Sex Reversal
  • Anabolic Considerations
  • Food Safety and Environmental Considerations
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. Pond Production (Bartholomew W. Green and C. Bauer Duke III)
  • Introduction
  • Species Selection
  • Earthen versus Lined Ponds
  • Production Strategies
  • Chapter 8. Culture in Flowing Water (Richard W. Soderberg)
  • Introduction
  • Flow-Through Culture Systems
  • Serial Reuse Systems
  • Closed Systems
  • Summary
  • Chapter 9. Cage Culture (H. R. Schmittou)
  • Introduction
  • Principles of Cage Fish Culture: Fundamentals
  • Fish Stock Quality and Quantity
  • Water Environments and Water Quality
  • Feeds and Feeding
  • Health of Caged Tilapia
  • Environmental Impact of Cage Fish Culture
  • Chapter 10. Farming Tilapia in Saline Waters (Wade O. Watanabe, Kevin Fitzsimmons, and Yang Yi)
  • Introduction
  • History of Saltwater Tilapia Culture
  • Methods for Measuring Salinity Tolerance in Tilapia
  • Morphological and Physiological Measures of Salinity Tolerance/Hypoosmoregulatory Ability
  • Reproductive Performance at Various Salinities
  • Experimental Saltwater Culture of Florida Red Tilapia
  • Grow-Out from Fingerling to Marketable Size
  • Comparison of Saline-Tolerant Species Under Saltwater Culture
  • Diseases Encountered During Culture in Saltwater
  • Economics and Marketing
  • Potential for Unwanted Introduction of Tilapia into Marine Waters
  • Genetic Issues in the Use of Red Hybrid Tilapia
  • Cold Tolerance
  • Chapter 11. Management of Bottom Soil Condition and Pond Water and Effluent Quality (Claude E. Boyd)
  • Introduction
  • Bottom Soils
  • Water Quality
  • Effluents
  • Chapter 12. Nutrient Requirements (Chhorn E. Lim and Carl D. Webster)
  • Introduction
  • Proteins and Amino Acids
  • Energy
  • Lipids and Fatty Acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. Nonnutrient Components of Fish Diets (Steven G. Hughes, Chhorn E. Lim, and Carl D. Webster)
  • Introduction
  • Antioxidants
  • Feeding Stimulants and Metabolic Modifiers
  • Fiber and Pellet Binders
  • Hormones
  • Pigments
  • Probiotics and Neutraceuticals
  • Enzymes
  • Water
  • Toxins and Antinutritional Factors
  • Chapter 14. Feed Formulation and Manufacture (Menghe H. Li, Chhorn E. Lim, and Carl D. Webster)
  • Introduction
  • Feed Ingredients
  • Feed Formulation
  • Least-Cost Feed Formulation
  • Feed Manufacturing Process
  • Quality Control
  • Type of Feed
  • Chapter 15. Feeding Practices (Chhorn E. Lim, Carl D. Webster, and Menghe H. Li)
  • Introduction
  • Feeds
  • Practices
  • Chapter 16. Parasites and Diseases (Craig A. Shoemaker, De-Hai Xu, Joyce J. Evans, and Phillip H. Klesius)
  • Introduction
  • Protozoan Parasites
  • Metazoan Parasites
  • Parasitic Crustacea
  • Viral Diseases
  • Fungal Infections
  • Bacterial Diseases
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 17. Streptococcal Vaccinology in Aquaculture (Phillip H. Klesius, Joyce J. Evans, Craig A. Shoemaker, and David J. Pasnik)
  • Introduction
  • Development of Streptococcal Vaccines
  • Piscine Immunity
  • Factors Affecting Vaccine Efficacy
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 18. Harvest, Handling, and Processing (Kevin Fitzsimmons)
  • Introduction
  • Postharvest Handling and Processing
  • Processing for International Markets
  • Processing in the United States
  • Chapter 19. Marketing and Economics (Carol R. Engle)
  • Introduction
  • Tilapia Markets and Marketing
  • Costs of Producing Tilapia
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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