Timba: The Sound of the Cuban Crisis
Cuban music is recognized unanimously as a major historical force behind Latin American popular music, and as an important player in the development of US popular music and jazz. However, the music produced on the island after the Revolution in 1959 has been largely overlooked and overshadowed by the Buena Vista Social Club phenomenon. The Revolution created the conditions for the birth of a type of highly sophisticated popular music, which has grown relatively free from market pressures. These conditions premised the new importance attained by Afro-Cuban dance music during the 1990s, when the island entered a period of deep economic and social crisis that has shaken Revolutionary institutions from their foundations. Vincenzo Perna investigates the role of black popular music in post-Revolutionary Cuba, and in the 1990s in particular. The emergence of timba is analysed as a distinctively new style of Afro-Cuban dance music. The controversial role of Afro-Cuban working class culture is highlighted, showing how this has resisted co-optation into a unified, pacified vision of national culture, and built musical bridges with the transnational black diaspora. Musically, timba represents an innovative fusion of previous popular and folkloric Afro-Cuban styles with elements of hip-hop and other African-American styles like jazz, funk and salsa. Timba articulates a black urban youth subculture with distinctive visual and choreographic codes. With its abrasive commentaries on issues such as race, consumer culture, tourism, prostitution and its connections to the underworld, timba demonstrates at the 'street level' many of the contradictions of contemporary Cuban society. After repeatedly colliding with official discourses, timba has eventually met with institutional repression. This book will appeal not only to ethnomusicologists and those working on popular music studies, but also to those working in the areas of cultural and Black studies, anthropology, Latin American studies, Cuban studies and Caribbean studies.
Awarded an honorable mention at the Alan Merriam Prize, 51st Conference of SEM/Society for Ethnomusicology in Honolulu, Nov 2006. 'While the rest of the world was mesmerised by Buena Vista Social Club's fairy-tale image of Cuba, the island itself was rocking to a very different music. Far from the nostalgic sounds of Cuba in the 1950s, recreated by forgotten veteran musicians, Timba is the hot, eclectic, sensual, provocative, tense, and witty dance music of Cuba's Black urban youth. Perna's brilliant study documents this music and accounts for its controversial status both on the island and outside. He shows how timba is a bricolage nurtured in the Black neighbourhoods of Havana by musicians trained in Havana's conservatoires, drawing with technical virtuosity and ingenuity on global and local styles as diverse as jazz, hip-hop, rap, rumba and Afrocuban religious music. Perna analyses, for the first time and with remarkable insight, the ways in which this music comments on and challenges the reality of life in late-socialist Cuba, intersecting with contentious issues of race, religion, political ideology and ultimately, Cuban identity. Using methodologies from the fields of ethnomusicology and popular music studies, this book fills a major gap in our knowledge of dance music in Cuba since the Revolution'. Lucy Duran (BBC Broadcaster and Lecturer in African Music, SOAS, London) 'Timba is a first-class study of the contemporary Cuban dance-music scene. Written in a manner that is both rigorous and engaging, Perna's book explores the rise of this hot new music genre and the controversies it generated, and situates it in relation to other current socio-musical developments and the contemporary economic crisis in general. For those interested in Cuban culture and Latin music this is a must-read'. Peter Manuel (Professor, CUNY Graduate Center and John Jay College, US) 'This is a book made necessary not only by its topic, but also by its methodology, by the density of