Today there is widespread awareness of the fact that time has been under-investigated in organizational studies. This book addresses the need to bridge the gap between the predominantly "timeless" theories and models that scholars have produced and the daily experiences of employees and managers, in which time is salient and extremely important. These chapters offer a broad range of concepts, models, and methods that are tailored to this purpose.
The first part of the book is devoted to the way in which people in organizations manage time, summarizing research findings, presenting novel ideas on a broad range of issues and examining issues such as whether time can be managed, how people are affected by deadlines and how do strategic changes in organizations affect individuals’ careers and sense of identity. The second part is about time as embedded in collective behaviours and experiences, and in temporal regimes linked to organizational structures. It discusses ways to study such collective patterns and their relationships to management practices, and addresses topics such as sensemaking of dynamic events, rhythmic patterns and their impact on organizational effectiveness, time in industrial relations, and power and temporal hegemony. A third part with a single concluding chapter looks at possibilities for integrating the various approaches and provides suggestions for future research. This book adopts a pluralistic approach, arguing against timeless conceptions in organizational theory and behaviour and instead emphasising the importance of temporal analysis.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction, Robert A. Roe, Stewart R. Clegg and Mary J. Waller, PART I - MANAGING TIME: PEOPLE AND PRACTICES, 2. Time Management: Logic, Effectiveness, and Challenges, Brigitte J. C. Claessens, Robert A. Roe and Christel G. Rutte, 3. Temporal Aspects of Processes in Ad-Hoc Groups: A Conceptual Schema and Some Research Examples, Franziska Tschan, Joseph E. McGrath, Norbert K. Semmer, Maurizio Arametti, Yvonne Bogenstaetter and Stephan U. Marsch, 4. The Weekly Cycle of Work and Rest: A Diary Study, Fred R. H. Zijlstra and John W. Rook, 5. Pacing Styles, Personality and Performance, Josette M. P. Gevers, Brigitte J. C. Claessens, Wendelien Van Eerde and Christel G. Rutte, 6. Polychronicity in Work Teams: A Theoretical: Examination of Antecedents and Consequences, Seth Kaplan, 7. Exploring Temporal Patterns of Conflict and Trust in Teams, Anneloes M. L. Raes, Mariëlle G. Heijltjes and Ursula Glunk, 8. The Development of Personal Identity in the Context of Organizational Change, Sabine Raeder, Anette Wittekind and Gudela Grote, PART II – MANAGED BY TIME: STRUCTURES AND REGIMES, 9. Time Sensitivity: A Delicate and Crucial Starting Point of Reflexive Methods for Studying Time in Management and Organization, Ida H. J. Sabelis, 10. Talking to the Room: Collective Sensemaking During Crisis Situations, Mary J. Waller and Sjir Uitdewilligen, 11. Organizational Temporality Over Time: Activity Cycles as Sources of Entrainment, Dawna I. Ballard, 12. The Organizing of Rhythm, the Rhythm of Organizing, Miguel Pina e Cunha, 13. The Ghosts of Time in Organization Theory, Stewart R. Clegg, 14. The Evolution of Strategic Timed-Space in Organizations: Theory and Research, Peter Clark and Giuliano Maielli, 15. Temporal Hegemony and the End of Times (or Should the Harlequin Repent?), Allen C. Bluedorn, PART III –COMBINING PERSPECTIVES, 16. Perspectives on Time and the Chronometric Study of What Happens in Organizations, Robert A. Roe
Robert A. Roe is Professor of Organisational Theory and Organisational Behaviour at the University of Maastricht, the Netherlands. Mary J. Waller is Professor of Team Dynamics at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration of Maastricht University, the Netherlands. Stewart R. Clegg is Professor at the University of Technology, Sydney, and Research Director of the Centre for Management and Organization Studies.