Timing for Animation, 40th Anniversary Edition  book cover
1st Edition

Timing for Animation, 40th Anniversary Edition

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after February 10, 2021
ISBN 9780367527754
February 10, 2021 Forthcoming by CRC Press
152 Pages 100 Color & 250 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Timing for Animation has been one of the pillars of animation since it was first published in 1981. Now this 40th anniversary edition captures the focus of the original and enhances this new edition with fresh images, techniques, and advice from world-renowned animators. Not only does the text explore timing in traditional animation, but also timing in digital works.

Vibrant illustrations and clear directions line the pages to help depict the various methods and procedures to bring your animation to life. Examples include timing for digital production, digital storyboarding in 2D, digital storyboarding in 3D, the use of After Effects, as well as interactive games, television, animals, and more. Learn how animations should be arranged in relation to each other, how much space should be used and how long each drawing should be shown for maximum dramatic effect.

All you need to breathe life into your animation is at your fingertips with Timing for Animation.

Table of Contents

  • Timing for Broadcast media
  • Timing for Full Animation
  • Games and Interactive Media
  • What is Good Timing?
  • The Storyboard
  • Traditional Storyboards
  • Digital Storyboards
  • Additional Storyboard Effects
  • Responsibility of the director
  • Directing for interactive games
  • The Basic Unit of Time in Animation
  • Timing for TV, Web-Based Media vs. Timing for Feature Films
  • Slugging
  • Bar Sheets
  • Timing for Traditional Animation: Exposure Charts or Exposure Sheets
  • Timing for an Overseas Production
  • Timing for a 2D Digital Production
  • Timing for a 3D Digital Production
  • Timing for an Actor-Based Program (Performance or Motion Capture)
  • Animation and properties of matter
  • Movement and caricature
  • Cause and effect
  • Newton’s laws of motion
  • Objects thrown through the air
  • Timing of inanimate objects
  • Rotating objects
  • Force transmitted through a flexible joint
  • Force transmitted through jointed limbs
  • Spacing of drawings—general remarks
  • Spacing of drawings
  • Timing a slow action
  • Timing a fast action
  • Getting into and out of holds
  • Single frames or double frames?
  • How long to hold?
  • Anticipation
  • Follow through
  • Overlapping action
  • Timing an oscillating movement
  • Timing to suggest weight and force—1
  • Timing to suggest weight and force—2
  • Timing to suggest weight and force—3
  • Timing to suggest weight and force—4
  • Timing to suggest force: repeat action
  • Character reactions and ‘takes’
  • Timing to give a feeling of size
  • The effects of friction, air resistance and wind
  • Timing cycles—how long a repeat?
  • Multiple character scenes
  • Digital crowd scenes.
  • Effects animation: flames and smoke
  • Water
  • Rain
  • Snow
  • Explosions
  • Repeat movements of inanimate objects
  • Timing a walk
  • Types of walk
  • Spacing of drawings in perspective animation
  • Timing animals’ movements: horses
  • Timing animals’ movements: other quadrupeds
  • Timing an animal’s gallop
  • Bird flight
  • Drybrush (speed lines)
  • Accentuating a movement
  • Strobing
  • Fast run cycles
  • Characterisation (acting)
  • The use of timing to suggest mood
  • Synchronising animation to speech
  • Lip-sync—1
  • Lip-sync—2
  • Lip-sync—3
  • Animating for Interactive Games
  • Timing and music
  • Traditional Camera movements
  • 3D Camera Moves
  • Peg movements in Traditional Animation
  • Peg Movements in 3D Animation
  • Editing Animation
  • Editing for Television Episodes
  • Editing for Childrens Programming
  • Editing for Internet Webcast

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John Halas, known as the "father of British animation" and formerly of Halas and Batchelor Animation unit, John produced over 2000 animations, including the legendary "Animal Farm" and the award winning "Dilemma". He was also the founder and president of the ASIFA and former Chairman of the British Federation of Film Societies.


Harold Whitaker was a BAFTA-nominated professional animator and educator for 40 years, many of his students number among today's most outstanding animation artists.


Tom Sito is Professor of Animation at the University of Southern California and has written numerous books and articles on Animation. Tom's screen credits include the Disney classics THE LITTLE MERMAID (1989), BEAUTY & THE BEAST (1991), ALADDIN (1992), THE LION KING (1994), WHO FRAMED ROGER RABBITT (1988), POCAHONTAS (1995), FANTASIA (2000) and SHREK (2001). Tom is President-Emeritus of the Hollywood Animation Guild Local 839 IATSE. He is vice president of the International Animator's Society (ASIFA/Hollywood). He is a member of the Motion Picture Academy, the National Cartoonists Society and Hollywood Heritage. In 1998 he was named in Animation Magazine's list of the 100 Most Important People in Animation.