This book focuses on religious tolerance and intolerance in terms of practices, institutions, and intellectual habits. It brings together an array of historical and anthropological studies and philosophical, cognitive, and psychological explorations by established scholars from a range of disciplines.
The contributions feature modern and historic instances of tolerance and intolerance across a variety of geographies, societies, and religious traditions. They help readers to gain an understanding of the notion of tolerance and the historical consequences of intolerance from the perspective of different cultures, religions, and philosophies. The volume highlights tolerance’s potential to be a means to build bridges and at the same time determine limits.
Whilst the challenge of promoting tolerance has mostly been treated as a value or practice of demographic or religious majorities, this book offers a broader take and pays attention to minority perspectives. It is a valuable reference for scholars of religious studies, the sociology of religion, and the history of religion.
Section I: CONCEPTUALISING TOLERANCE
Chapter 1 Defining Tolerance: Conditions and Resources for Tolerance
Anne Sarah Matviyets (Jewish Philosophy and Religion, University of Hamburg)
Chapter 2 A Social Psychological Approach to Tolerance:
The Disapproval–Respect Model
Bernd Simon (Social and Political Psychology, University of Kiel)
Section II: TOLERANCE WITHIN A RELIGIOUS CONTEXT AND AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT
Chapter 3 Reasons for Religious Toleration in the Roman Empire: The Voice of the Emperor
Mar Marcos Sánchez (Ancient History, History of Religion, University of Cantabria)
Chapter 4 Tolerance and Lived Religion
Jörg Rüpke (Comparative Religious Studies, University of Erfurt)
Chapter 5 Toleration and Cohabitation: Remarks on the Jews and the City in the Early Modern Period
Cristiana Facchini (History of Christianity and Religious Studies, University of Bologna)
Section III: TOLERANCE IN JEWISH AND ISLAMIC TRADITIONS
Chapter 6 Theories of Tolerance in Jewish Philosophy
Warren Zev Harvey (Philosophy, Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Chapter 7 The Fatimid Empire: a Case for Religious Toleration?
Serena Tolino (Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Bern)
Chapter 8 Between Belief and Unbelief: Paradigms of Toleration in Medieval Jewish and Islamic Writings
Bakinaz Abdalla (Philosophy, Theology, and Religion, University of Birmingham)
Section IV: TOLERANCE IN THEOLOGY AND DIALOGUE
Chapter 9 Tolerance and Dialogue in Hamburg from one Perspective within Islamic Theology
Shaykha Halima Krausen (Islamic Studies and Interreligious Dialogue, Academy of World Religions, University of Hamburg)
Chapter 10 From Tolerance to Acceptance. Towards a New Paradigm of Interreligious Coexistence
Georges Tamer (Oriental Philology and Islamic Studies, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)
Section V: (IN)TOLERANCE IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY
Chapter 11 De (in)tolerantia Judaeorum: A Hitherto Almost Forgotten Source of Tolerance Studies in German Protestant University Archives—The Dissertationes
Giuseppe Veltri (Jewish Philosophy and Religion, University of Hamburg) and Guido Bartolucci (Early Modern History, University of Bologna)
Chapter 12 On Tolerance and Intolerance in the University
Anke Engemann and Christiane Thompson (Theory and History of Education, Goethe-University Frankfurt)