Tourism, Conflict and Contested Heritage in Former Yugoslavia
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Described as ‘cultural crossroads’ or ‘mosaic’, ‘powder keg’, ‘border’, ‘bridge’ or Europe’s ‘Other’, the region comprising former Yugoslavia has, over time, conjured up ambiguous imaginaries associated with political unrest, national contest and ethnic divide. Since the disintegration of Yugoslavia and the succeeding Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s, both the geography and historiography of the region have been thoroughly reconfigured, which has impacted the ways in which heritage is interpreted and used at local, regional and national levels. In this ongoing process of heritage (re)interpretation, tourism is more than just a ‘dark’ spectacle. While it can be seen as a catalyst through which to filter or normalise dissonant memories, it can also be utilised as a powerful ideological tool which enables the narrative reinvention of contested traditions and divisive myths.
Drawing on case studies from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Kosovo, this volume generates new and fascinating insights into the contested terrain of heritage tourism in former Yugoslavia. It explores the manifold ways in which tourism stakeholders engage with, capitalise on, and make sense of sites and events marked by conflict and trauma. Unlike many previous studies, this book features contributions by emerging, early-career scholars emanating from within the region, and working across disciplines such as anthropology, art history, geography and political studies. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change.
Table of Contents
1. Tourism, conflict and contested heritage in former Yugoslavia Patrick Naef and Josef Ploner 2. Dissonant heritage and promotion of tourism in the case of Serbian medieval monuments in Kosovo Jelena Pavličìć 3. Second World War monuments in Yugoslavia as witnesses of the past and the future Vladana Putnik 4. Tourism and the ‘martyred city’: memorializing war in the former Yugoslavia Patrick Naef 5. Cross-community tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a path to reconciliation? Emilie Aussems 6. Dark heritage tourism and the Sarajevo siege Marija Kamber, Theofanis Karafotias and Theodora Tsitoura 7. Memorial policies and restoration of Croatian tourism two decades after the war in former Yugoslavia Fanny Arnaud
Josef Ploner is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Arts, Cultures and Education at the University of Hull, UK. Trained as a cultural anthropologist, his research focuses on cultural and heritage tourism as sites of learning, ideological contest, narrative ordering and memory formation. Josef’s other main research interest relates to mobility, migration and cultural diversity in international higher education.
Patrick Naef is a Researcher and Lecturer in the Department of Geography and Environment at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. He was previously a visiting scholar in the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley. His doctoral dissertation defended at the University of Geneva looks at conflicts of memory within the cultural heritage management and tourism sectors in Sarajevo, Srebrenica (Bosnia-Herzegovina) and Vukovar (Croatia). His research in Eastern Europe, South America and South-East Asia has led him to examine notions such as identity, tourism, war, genocide, nationalism and representation.