Tourism Resilience and Adaptation to Environmental Change
Definitions and Frameworks
In recent years, resilience theory has come to occupy the core of our understanding and management of the adaptive capacity of people and places in complex social and environmental systems. Despite this, tourism scholars have been slow to adopt resilience concepts, at a time when the emergence of new frameworks and applications is pressing.
Drawing on original empirical and theoretical insights in resilience thinking, this book explores how tourism communities and economies respond to environmental changes, both fast (natural hazard disasters) and slow (incremental shifts). It explores how tourism places adapt, change, and sometimes transform (or not) in relation to their environmental context, with an awareness of intersection with societal dynamics and links to political, economic and social drivers of change. Contributions draw on empirical research conducted in a range of international settings, including indigenous communities, to explore the complexity and gradations of environmental change encounters and resilience planning responses in a range of tourism contexts.
As the first book to specifically focus on environmental change from a resilience perspective, this timely and original work makes a critical contribution to tourism studies, tourism management and environmental geography, as well as environmental sciences and development studies.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Introduction 1. Environmental change, resilience and tourism: Definitions and frameworks 2. Applying the adaptive capacity cycle to tourism development: An exploration of socio-social-ecological resilience 3. The sustainable and resilient community: A new paradigm for community development Part 2: Nature-Based Tourism & Climate Change 4. Searching for resilience: Seal watching tourism as a resource for community development in Iceland 5. Tourism development and resilience in small oceanic islands in Australia and Brazil 6. Ecotourism, climate change, and rural resilience in Trinidad and Tobago 7. Cultural ecosystem services, tourism, and community resilience in coastal wetland conservation in Taiwan 8. Managing for resilience in the face of climate change: The adaptive capacity of U.S. ski areas 9. (Re)production of resilient tourism space in the context of climate change in coastal Québec, Canada 10. A resilience approach to understanding collaborative coral reef conservation on Gili Trawangan, Indonesia Part 3: Disasters Events and Tourism 11. Disaster resilience of small businesses in Guanxian ancient town, Sichuan, China 12. Death and disaster as moments of liminality: Towards collective agency and community resilience in Solukhumbu, Nepal 13. Tourism and the psychologically resilient city: Christchurch after the earthquake 14. Restoring spiritual resilience in post-disaster recovery in Fukushima 15. Fast and slow resilience in the New Zealand tourism industry Part 4: Indigenous Responses To Changing Environments 16. Within the changing system of Arctic tourism, what should be made resilient to what, and for whom? 17. Conceptualizing destinations as a Vanua: An examination of the evolution and resilience of a Fijian social and ecological system Part 5: Conclusions 18. Lessons learned: Tourism and the Anthropocene
Alan A. Lew is a professor in the Department of Geography, Planning, and Recreation at Northern Arizona University, USA where he teaches in geography, urban planning, and tourism. His research interests focus on tourism in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly in East and Southeast Asia. He is the founding editor-in-chief of the journal, Tourism Geographies, a Fellow of the International Academy for the Study of Tourism, and a member of the American Institute of Certified Planners.
Joseph M. Cheer is a lecturer at the National Centre for Australian Studies (NCAS), Monash University and directs the activities of the Australia and International Tourism Research Unit (AITRU). His research draws from transdisciplinary perspectives, especially human geography, cultural anthropology and political economy with a focus on the Asia-Pacific region. He is focused on research-to-practice with an emphasis on resilience building, sustainability and social justice.