This is the first book to provide a comprehensive account of sanctions and boycotts in tourism and the economic and ethical complexities that policy makers, tourists, tourism destinations, and businesses face.
Sanctions and boycotts are an important feature of the global tourism system and the emerging ethics of tourism. Sanctions and embargoes are increasingly used as coercive instruments of diplomacy and foreign policy by the United Nations, supranational organizations, the US, and other nations to change the actions and behaviors of countries, organizations, businesses, and individuals. At the same time, boycotts and buycotts are a growing feature of political consumerism and interest group activism. Tourism and hospitality destinations, attractions, and businesses can be profoundly affected by this, with the legacy of a negative image lasting for decades. International travel to some destinations may be severely restricted, financial investment and supply chains disrupted, and, in the most comprehensive sanctions and boycotts, substantial economic and personal hardship may be experienced.
This book is of interest not only to policy makers, destination management and marketing organizations, and students of crisis and politics in tourism and hospitality but also those who seek to address the interrelationships between sanctions, tourism destinations and attractions, and the tourists who boycott them.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction and context
2 Sanctions and tourism
3 Boycotts and tourism
4 Sanctions and boycotts as the new ethical tourism? The future of sanctions and boycotts in an interconnected world
Siamak Seyfi is a lecturer in the Department of Tourism at the University of Pantheon-Sorbonne, France. Using primarily qualitative and mixed methods, his research interests focus on tourism politics and geopolitics, political ecology and tourism, power and the environment.
C. Michael Hall is Professor in the Department of Management, Marketing and Entrepreneurship at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand; Docent in Geography, University of Oulu, Finland; and Visiting Professor at Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden. He has published widely on tourism, regional development, global environmental change, sustainability, food, and World Heritage.