Over the past decade, there have been an increasing number of publications that have analysed and critiqued the potential of tourism to be a mechanism for poverty reduction in less economically developed countries (LEDCs). This book showcases work by established and emerging researchers that provides new thinking and tests previously made assumptions, providing an essential guide for students, practitioners and academics.
This book advances our understanding of the changes and ways forward in the field of sustainable tourism development. Five main themes are illustrated throughout the book: (1) measuring impacts of tourism on poverty; (2) the need to evaluate whether interventions that aim to reduce poverty are effective; (3) how unbalanced power relations and weak governance can undermine efforts; (4) the importance of the private sector’s use of pro-poor business practices; and (5) the value of using multidisciplinary and multi-method research approaches. Furthermore, the book shows that academic research findings can be used practically in destinations, and how practitioners can benefit from sharing their experiences with academic scholars.
This book was based on a special issue and various articles from the Journal of Sustainable Tourism.
Table of Contents
1. Tourism and poverty reduction: Principles and impacts in developing countries Anna Spenceley and Dorothea Meyer
Section 1: Development agency strategies and approaches
2. Tourism and development at work: 15 years of tourism and poverty reduction within the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation John Hummel and Rene van der Duim
3. Influenced and influential: the role of tour operators and development organisations in tourism and poverty reduction in Ecuador Louise Mary Erskine and Dorothea Meyer
4. Community-based tourism enterprises: challenges and prospects for community participation; Khama Rhino Sanctuary Trust, Botswana Lesego Senyana Stone and Tibabo Moren Stone
Section 2: Governance and biodiversity conservation
5. Blessing or curse? The political economy of tourism development in Tanzania Fred Nelson
6. Tourism revenue sharing policy at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: a policy arrangements approach Wilber Manyisa Ahebwa, Rene van der Duim, and Chris Sandbrook
7. Community-based cultural tourism: issues, threats and opportunities Noel B. Salazar
Section 3: Assessment of tourism impacts
8. The role of tourism employment in poverty reduction and community perceptions of conservation and tourism in southern Africa Susan Lynne Snyman
9. Tourism and poverty alleviation in Fiji: comparing the impacts of small- and large-scale tourism enterprises Regina Scheyvens and Matt Russell
10. A critical analysis of tourism, gender and poverty reduction Hazel Tucker and Brenda Boonabaana
11. Can ecotourism deliver real economic, social, and environmental benefits? A study of the Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica Carter A. Hunt, William H. Durham, Laura Driscoll and Martha Honey
Section 4: Value chain analysis and inter-sectoral linkages
12. Value chain approaches to assessing the impact of tourism on low-income households in developing countries Jonathan Mitchell
13. Tourism–agriculture linkages in rural South Africa: evidence from the accommodation sector Christian M. Rogerson
14. Social enterprises in tourism: an exploratory study of operational models and success factors Janina von der Weppen and Janet Cochrane
Anna Spenceley is an international consultant working on innovative solutions in global sustainable tourism. She is Chair of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) World Commission on Protected Areas: Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group, and editor of Responsible Tourism: Critical issues for Conservation and Development (2010).
Dorothea Meyer is Senior Lecturer in Tourism, and leads the special interest research group ‘Political Economy of Tourism for Development', at Sheffield Hallam University, UK. She specialises in the political economy of tourism development, and the role of tourism as an agent for poverty reduction in less economically developed countries.