The Iron Curtain was not an impenetrable divide, and contacts between East and West took place regularly and on various levels throughout the Cold War. This book explores how the European tourist industry transcended the ideological fault lines and the communist states attracted an ever-increasing number of Western tourists. Based on extensive original research, it examines the ramifications of tourism, from sun-and-sea package tours to human rights travels, in key Eastern European locations including East Berlin, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Albania. The book’s analysis of the politics, culture, and history of tourism to the East offers important new perspectives on European tourism in the twentieth century.
Crossing the Iron Curtain: An introduction Sune Bechmann Pedersen and Christian Noack Part I: Organizing Western tourism in the East 1.Exporting holidays: Bulgarian international tourism on the Scandinavian market in the 1960s and 1970s Elitza Stanoeva 2.The lure of capitalism: Foreign tourists and the shadow economy in Romania, 1960s–1980s Adelina Stefan 3. Experiencing communism, bolstering capitalism: Guided bus tours of 1970s East Berlin Michelle Standley Part II: Encounters 4. The Artek camp for Young Pioneers and the many faces of socialist internationalism Kathleen Beger5. Foreign tourists, domestic encounters: Human rights travel to Soviet Jewish homes Shaul Kelner6. "Much more freedom of thought than expected there": Rosey E. Pool, a Dutch fellow traveller on holiday in the Soviet Union (1965) Lonneke Geerlings7. The Stalinist utopia of the Adriatic: Swedish tourists in communist Albania Francesco Zavatti Part III: The Politics of tourism during the Cold War 8. "Playing the tourism card": Yugoslavia, advertising, and the Euro-Atlantic tourism network in the early Cold War Igor Tchoukarine 9. Making Iron Curtain overflights legal: Soviet–Scandinavian aviation negotiations in the early Cold War Karl Lorentz Kleve 10. Concluding remarks: Tourism across a porous curtain Angela Romano