Tourism and War
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This is the first volume to fully explore the complex relationship between war and tourism by considering its full range of dynamics; including political, psychological, economic and ideological factors at different levels, in different political and geographical locations. Issues of peace and tourism are dealt with insofar as they pertain to the effects of war on tourism that emerge after the cessation of hostilities. The book therefore reveals how not only location, but also political strategies, accidents of history, transportation linkages, and economic expediency all have played their role in the development and continuation of tourism before, during, and after wartime. It further show how the effects of war are seldom if ever simply a negation or reversal of the effects of peace on tourism.
The volume draws on a range of examples, from medieval times to the present, to reveal the multi-faceted development of tourism amidst and because of conflict in a wide variety of locations, including the Pacific, Europe, the Middle East, North America, Africa and South East Asia, showing the diverse ways in which tourism and war interacts. In doing so it explores how some locations have been developed as tourist attractions primarily because of war and conflict, e.g. as resting and training places for troops, and others flourished because of the threat of danger from conflicts to more traditional tourist locations.
This thought provoking volume contributes to the understanding of the interrelationships between war, peace and tourism in many different parts of the world at different scales. It will be valuable reading for all those interested in this topic as well as dark tourism, battlefield tourism and heritage tourism.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Tourism and War: An Ill Wind? 2. Tourism, War and Political Instability: Territorial and Religious Perspectives 3. From the Vietnam War to the ‘War on Terror’: Tourism, and the Martial Fascination Section 1: Historic Links 4. The Crusade, the Knights Templar and Hospitaller 5. The English Tourist and War, 1500-1800 6. War and Tourism: The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries Section 2: Tourism Before and During War 7. Tourism Shaped by War 8. Thai Tourism and the Legacy of the Vietnam War 9. Tourism in a Neutral Country Surrounded by War Section 3: Tourism Under Threat of War 10. Living with War: The Korean Truce 11. Development Tourism Alongside Threats of Wars and Atrocities 12. Palestine: Tourism Under Occupation Section 4: Tourism War and the Aftermath 13. An Ironic Paradox: The Longitudinal View on Impacts of the 1990’s Homeland War on Tourism in Croatia 14. Tourism in Northern Ireland 15. Echoes of the Great Pacific Conflict 16. Soldiers, Victims and Neon Lights Section 5: Tourism and War Remembrance 17. From Hastings to the Ypres Salient 18. Civil War Tourism 19. Revisiting the War Landscape of Vietnam and Tourism 20. War, Heritage, Tourism, and the Centenary of the Great War in Flanders and Belgium Conclusions 21. Reflections on the Great War Centenary 22. Conclusion
Richard Butler is Emeritus Professor at in the Strathclyde Business School of Strathclyde University, in Glasgow, Scotland.Wantanee Suntikul is Assistant Professor in Tourism Planning and Development at the Institute for Tourism Studies in Macao, China.
"This volume's 33 contributors to 22 chapters analyze case studies from medieval times to the present in a wide new array of worldwide examples of the relationship between tourism and war."
- B. Osborne, CHOICE Vol. 50, No. 07