Presenting cutting-edge scholarship dedicated to exploring the emergence and articulation of modernity in colonial South Asia, this book builds upon and extends recent insights into the constitutive and multiple projects of colonial modernity. Eschewing the fashionable binaries of resistance and collaboration, the contributors seek to re-conceptualize modernity as a local and transitive practice of cultural conjunction. Whether through a close reading of Anglo-Indian poetry, Urdu rhyming dictionaries, Persian Bible translations, Jain court records, or Bengali polemical literature, the contributors interpret South Asian modernity as emerging from localized, partial and continuously negotiated efforts among a variety of South Asian and European elites.
Surveying a range of individuals, regions, and movements, this book supports reflection on the ways traditional scholars and other colonial agents actively appropriated and re-purposed elements of European knowledge, colonial administration, ruling ideology, and material technologies. The book conjures a trans-colonial and trans-national context in which ideas of history, religion, language, science, and nation are defined across disparate religious, ethnic, and linguistic boundaries. Providing new insights into the negotiation and re-interpretation of Western knowledge and modernity, this book is of interest to students and scholars of South Asian Studies, as well as of intellectual and colonial history, comparative literature, and religious studies.
Table of Contents
Preface Introduction Michael S. Dodson and Brian A. Hatcher Part 1: Local Agents, Local Modernities 1. The Schools of Serfoji II of Tanjore: Education and Princely Modernity in Early Nineteenth-Century India Indira Viswanathan Peterson 2. Pandits at Work: The Modern Sastric Imaginary in Early Colonial Bengal Brian A. Hatcher 3. Knowledge in Context: Raja Shivaprasad as Hybrid Intellectual and People’s Educator Ulrike Stark Part 2: Strategies of Translation 4. Modernity’s Script and a Tom Thumb Performance: English Linguistic Modernity and Persian/Urdu Lexicography in Nineteenth-Century India Javed Majeed 5. The Trans-Colonial Opportunities of Bible Translation: Iranian Language Workers between the Russian and British Empires Nile Green 6. Indology as Authoritative Knowledge: Jain Debates about Icons and History in Colonial India John E. Cort Part 3: History and Modernity 7. A Conceptual History of the Social: Some Reflections out of Colonial Bengal Rochona Majumdar 8. Three Poets in Search of History: Calcutta, 1752-1859 Rosinka Chaudhuri 9. A "Well-Travelled" Theory: Mughals, Maine and Modernity in the Historical Fiction of Romesh Chunder Dutt Alex Padamsee Afterword: Bombay’s "Intertwined Modernities," 1780-1880 C. A. Bayly
Michael S. Dodson is Associate Professor of South Asian History at Indiana University, Bloomington, USA. He is a historian of British imperialism in South Asia, focusing particularly upon the intellectual, cultural, and urban history of the nineteenth century in north India.
Brian A. Hatcher is Professor and Packard Chair of Theology at Tufts University, USA. His research addresses such issues as the transformation of intellectual practice among Sanskrit pandits in colonial Bengal, the interrogation of modernity under the conditions of colonialism, and the expression of religious change in emergent Hindu movements.