Transient Control of Gasoline Engines drives to move progress forward. A stimulating examination of car electronics and digital processing technology, this book chronicles significant advances that have occurred over the past 20 years (including the change from combustion engines to computerized machines) and presents new and exciting ways to enhance engine efficiency using real-time control technology.
Dedicated to improving the emissions of automotive powertrains, it provides an introduction to modeling, control design, and test bench, and explains the fundamentals of modeling and control design for engine transient operation. It also presents a model-based transient control design methodology from the perspective of the dynamical system control theory.
Written with graduate students in mind, this book:
- Addresses issues relevant to transient operation, cycle-to-cycle transient, and cylinder-to-cylinder balancing
- Examines the real-time optimizing control problem (receding horizon optimization, for torque tracking control and speed control)
- Covers three benchmark problems related to the modeling and control of gasoline engines: engine start control, identification of the engines, and the boundary modeling and extreme condition control
Transient Control of Gasoline Engines describes the behavior of engine dynamics operated at transient mode as a dynamical system and employs the advanced control theory to design a real-time control strategy that can be used to improve efficiency and emission performance overall. Geared toward graduate students, this book also serves as a trusted source for researchers and practitioners focused on engine and engine electronics design, car electronics, and control engineering.
Table of Contents
Control-Oriented Engine Model
Control Issues of Gasoline Engine
Mathematical Model of Gasoline Engines
Modeling of Components
In-Cylinder Dynamical Model
Numerical Simulation Model
Model Calibration Method
A Lemma: Air Mass Flow Passing through a Nozzle
Idle Speed Control Scheme
Uncertainty and Robustness
Starting Speed Control
Experimental Case Study
Air–Fuel Ratio Control
Air Charge Prediction-Based Feedforward Control
Wall-Wetting Model-Based Feedforward Control
Lyapunov-Based Adaptive Control
Experimental Validation for Control Strategies
Receding Horizon Optimal Control
Design Framework and Optimization Algorithm
Torque Transient Control
Speed Transient Control
Adaptive Compensation of Disturbance
Experimental Case Studies
Exhaust Gas Mixing Model
Individual Cylinder A/F
A/F Balancing Control
Linear Time-Varying Model and Offset Learning
Residual Gas and Stochastic Control
Residual Gas Measurement
Markovian Property of Residual Gas
Stochastic Optimal Regulation
Experimental Case Studies
Benchmark Problems for Control and Modeling of Automotive Gasoline Engine
Benchmark Challenge of Engine Start Control Problem
Benchmark Problem for Nonlinear Identification of Automotive Engine
Benchmark Problem for Boundary Modeling and Near-Boundary Control
Tielong Shen earned his PhD in mechanical engineering from Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan. Since April 1992, he has been a faculty member and the chair of control engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sophia University, where he currently serves as a professor. Since 2005, he has also served as "Luojia Xuezhe" Chair Professor of Wuhan University, China. His research interests include control theory and applications in mechanical systems, powertrain, and automotive systems. He has authored and coauthored numerous articles and books and serves as a member of the IEEE Technical Committee and IFAC Technical Committee on Automotive Control.
Jiangyan Zhang received B.E. and M.E. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China, in 2005 and 2008, respectively, and a Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, in 2011. From April 2011 to March 2013, she was a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at SHEN Laboratory of Sophia University, and currently is an assistant professor with the College of Electromechanical and Information Engineering of Dalian Nationalities University, China. Her research interests are mainly in nonlinear dynamical control theory and application to the automotive powertrain systems.
Xiaohong Jiao earned her PhD in mechanical engineering from Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, in 2004. She is a professor with the Institute of Electrical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China. Her current research interests include robust adaptive control of nonlinear systems and time-delay systems and applications to hybrid distributed generation systems and automotive powertrain.
Mingxin Kang earned his PhD in mechanical engineering from Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan, in 2015. For the past three years, he has applied himself to the study of engine transient control and real-time optimization control theory. His main contributions include the transient control scheme development for the engine in-the-loop simulation system and nonlinear receding horizon optimal control for the gasoline engine control system. He currently serves as a postdoctoral research fellow at Sophia University. His current research interests include automotive energy optimization and nonlinear optimal control for the engine system.
Junichi Kako received a B.E. degree from Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan. He joined Toyota Motor Corporation, Japan in 1989. He worked on various aspects of automotive powertrain control. From 1989 to 1994, he was part of the team for the development of Laboratory Automation (LA) system, Engineering Office Automation (EOD) system, and embedded system of powertrain control. During 1995-2001, he focused on the engine control systems in Powertrain Management Engineering Division. In 2002, he was with Future Project Division in which he was responsible for the R&D of model-based engine control system. Currently, he is developing engine control systems in the Advanced Engine Management System Development Division, Toyota Motor Corporation.
Akira Ohata graduated from Tokyo Institute of Technology in 1973 and directly joined Toyota Motor Corporation. He was involved in exhaust gas emission controls, intake and exhaust system developments including variable intake systems, hybrid vehicle control system, vehicle controls, Model-Based Development (MBD), and the education of advanced control theory at Toyota. He has the standardization activity in Object Management Group (OMG) assuring dependability of consumer devices. His current major interest is modeling that includes model simplification and the integration of physical and empirical models. He is a senior general manager of Toyota Motor Corporation, a vice chair of IFAC TC7.1 (automotive control), a research fellow of Information Technology Agency (IPA) under the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry, and the chair of technical committee on plant modeling of SICE (Society of Instrument and Control Engineers). He received the most outstanding paper award in convergence in 2004 and technical contribution award from JSAE.