The industrial world was built to run on cheap oil, and now the cheap oil has run out. For a while longer, the West will depend for its energy upon expensive oil --much of it obtained from sources that are geographically remote· or politically unstable. so in the near future, the world mus.t shift from oil to other sources of energy. TRANSITIONS TO ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SYSTEMS explores how such change can best be encouraged. The governments of the world, then, do not have the option of piously washing their hands of the energy crisis. They must be involved: they must pursue wise policies: and they must prove far more effective in the future than they have in the past. Through its careful analysis of past programs to promote renewable resource development, Tom Baumgartner's new book provides the public sector with precisely the kind of guidance it needs.
Table of Contents
Foreword: Toward a Sustainable Future -- Preface -- The Shaping of Alternative Energy Systems -- Introduction -- Technology, Society, and Social Change -- Consumer-Oriented Technologies -- Solar Branch Development in Israel -- Solar Water Heating in California: Policy Evolution and Industry Development -- Wind Energy in Denmark -- Heat Pump Use in the Federal Republic of Germany -- Producer-Oriented Technologies -- Geothermal Electricity in California -- Wood for Industrial Energy in Northern New England -- Peat for Energy in Finland: History of a Development Process -- Analysis, Theory, and Normative Conclusions -- Selective Observations -- Toward a Theory of New Technological Developments -- Policy and Normative Implications
Dr. Thomas Baumgartner is presently working as a research consultant based in Zurich. Tom R. Burns is professor of sociology at the University of Uppsala, Sweden, and head of policy research at SIFO, the Swedish Institute for Opinion Research.