Transitions in Energy Efficiency and Demand : The Emergence, Diffusion and Impact of Low-Carbon Innovation book cover
1st Edition

Transitions in Energy Efficiency and Demand
The Emergence, Diffusion and Impact of Low-Carbon Innovation

ISBN 9780815356783
Published December 13, 2018 by Routledge
300 Pages 36 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The Open Access version of this book, available at, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license. 

Meeting the goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement and limiting global temperature increases to less than 2°C above pre-industrial levels demands rapid reductions in global carbon dioxide emissions. Reducing energy demand has a central role in achieving this goal, but existing policy initiatives have been largely incremental in terms of the technological and behavioural changes they encourage. Against this background, this book develops a sociotechnical approach to the challenge of reducing energy demand and illustrates this with a number of empirical case studies from the United Kingdom. In doing so, it explores the emergence, diffusion and impact of low-energy innovations, including electric vehicles and smart meters. The book has the dual aim of improving the academic understanding of sociotechnical transitions and energy demand and providing practical recommendations for public policy.

Combining an impressive range of contributions from key thinkers in the field, this book will be of great interest to energy students, scholars and decision-makers.

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables


List of Contributors

1. Introduction: New directions in energy demand research

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins, Steven Sorrell, Debbie Hopkins and Cameron Roberts

Part 1: Analytical perspectives

2. Of emergence, diffusion and impact: A sociotechnical perspective on researching energy demand

Frank W. Geels, Benjamin K. Sovacool and Steven Sorrell

3. A normative approach to transitions in energy demand: An energy justice and fuel poverty case study

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins and Mari Martiskainen

Part 2: The emergence and diffusion of innovations

4. Electric vehicles and the future of personal mobility in the United Kingdom

Noam Bergman

5. Experimentation with vehicle automation
Debbie Hopkins and Tim Schwanen

6. The United Kingdom smart meter rollout through an energy justice lens

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins, Benjamin K. Sovacool and Sabine Hielscher

7. Overcoming the systemic challenges of retrofitting residential buildings in the United Kingdom, A herculean task?

Donal Brown, Paula Kivimaa, Jan Rosenow and Mari Martiskainen

Part 3: Societal impacts and co-benefits
8. Exergy economics: New insights into energy consumption and economic growth Paul Brockway, Steve Sorrell, Tim Foxon and Jack Miller

9. Energy saving innovations and economy wide rebound effects

Gioele Figus, Karen Turner and Antonios Katris

Part 4: Policy mixes and implications

10. Political acceleration of sociotechnical transitions: Lessons from four historical case studies

Cameron Roberts and Frank W. Geels

11. The challenge of effective energy efficiency policy in the United Kingdom

Janette Webb

12. Policy mixes for sustainable energy transitions: The case of energy efficiency

Florian Kern, Paula Kivimaa, Karoline Rogge and Jan Rosenow

13. Managing energy and climate transitions in theory and practice: A critical systematic review of Strategic Niche Management

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins and Benjamin K. Sovacool

Part 5: Conclusion

14. Conclusions: towards systematic reductions in energy demand

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins, Debbie Hopkins and Cameron Roberts


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Kirsten E. H. Jenkins is a Lecturer in Human Geography and Sustainable Development within the School of Environment and Technology, University of Brighton, UK.

Debbie Hopkins is jointly appointed by the Transport Studies Unit and the School of Geography and the Environment at the University of Oxford (UK) as a Departmental Research Lecturer.