Transitions in Energy Efficiency and Demand (Open Access): The Emergence, Diffusion and Impact of Low-Carbon Innovation, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Transitions in Energy Efficiency and Demand (Open Access)

The Emergence, Diffusion and Impact of Low-Carbon Innovation, 1st Edition

Edited by Kirsten E.H. Jenkins, Debbie Hopkins


280 pages | 36 B/W Illus.

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*Open Access content has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) license

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Hardback: 9780815356783
pub: 2018-12-20

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The Open Access version of this book, available at, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Meeting the goals enshrined in the Paris Agreement and limiting global temperature increases to less than 2°C above pre-industrial levels demands rapid reductions in global carbon dioxide emissions. Reducing energy demand has a central role in achieving this goal, but existing policy initiatives have been largely incremental in terms of the technological and behavioural changes they encourage. Against this background, this book develops a sociotechnical approach to the challenge of reducing energy demand and illustrates this with a number of empirical case studies from the United Kingdom. In doing so, it explores the emergence, diffusion and impact of low-energy innovations, including electric vehicles and smart meters. The book has the dual aim of improving the academic understanding of sociotechnical transitions and energy demand and providing practical recommendations for public policy.

Combining an impressive range of contributions from key thinkers in the field, this book will be of great interest to energy students, scholars and decision-makers.

Table of Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables


List of Contributors

1. Introduction: New directions in energy demand research

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins, Steven Sorrell, Debbie Hopkins and Cameron Roberts

Part 1: Analytical perspectives

2. Of emergence, diffusion and impact: A sociotechnical perspective on researching energy demand

Frank W. Geels, Benjamin K. Sovacool and Steven Sorrell

3. A normative approach to transitions in energy demand: An energy justice and fuel poverty case study

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins and Mari Martiskainen

Part 2: The emergence and diffusion of innovations

4. Electric vehicles and the future of personal mobility in the United Kingdom

Noam Bergman

5. Experimentation with vehicle automation

Debbie Hopkins and Tim Schwanen

6. The United Kingdom smart meter rollout through an energy justice lens

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins, Benjamin K. Sovacool and Sabine Hielscher

7. Overcoming the systemic challenges of retrofitting residential buildings in the United Kingdom, A herculean task?

Donal Brown, Paula Kivimaa, Jan Rosenow and Mari Martiskainen

Part 3: Societal impacts and co-benefits

8. Exergy economics: New insights into energy consumption and economic growth Paul Brockway, Steve Sorrell, Tim Foxon and Jack Miller

9. Energy saving innovations and economy wide rebound effects

Gioele Figus, Karen Turner and Antonios Katris

Part 4: Policy mixes and implications

10. Political acceleration of sociotechnical transitions: Lessons from four historical case studies

Cameron Roberts and Frank W. Geels

11. The challenge of effective energy efficiency policy in the United Kingdom

Janette Webb

12. Policy mixes for sustainable energy transitions: The case of energy efficiency

Florian Kern, Paula Kivimaa, Karoline Rogge and Jan Rosenow

13. Managing energy and climate transitions in theory and practice: A critical systematic review of Strategic Niche Management

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins and Benjamin K. Sovacool

Part 5: Conclusion

14. Conclusions: towards systematic reductions in energy demand

Kirsten E. H. Jenkins, Debbie Hopkins and Cameron Roberts


About the Editors


Kirsten E. H. Jenkins is a Lecturer in Human Geography and Sustainable Development within the School of Environment and Technology, University of Brighton, UK.

Debbie Hopkins is jointly appointed by the Transport Studies Unit and the School of Geography and the Environment at the University of Oxford (UK) as a Departmental Research Lecturer.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Energy Transitions

Considerable interest exists today in energy transitions. Whether one looks at diverse efforts to decarbonize, or strategies to improve the access levels, security and innovation in energy systems, one finds that change in energy systems is a prime priority.

Routledge Studies in Energy Transitions aims to advance the thinking which underlies these efforts. The series connects distinct lines of inquiry from planning and policy, engineering and the natural sciences, history of technology, STS, and management. In doing so, it provides primary references that function like a set of international, technical meetings. Single and co-authored monographs are welcome, as well as edited volumes relating to themes, like resilience and system risk.

Key focus areas: Technology change and fuel substitution, centralized-decentralized shifts, new business models and market redesign, innovation systems, governance levers/approaches or economics in transitions, etc. Writing on different types of energy transitions is encouraged. 

Dr. Kathleen Araújo is the Director of the Energy Policy Institute with the Center for Advanced Energy Studies, a consortium of public universities, Idaho National Laboratory, and industry. She is also an Associate Professor in the School of Public Service at Boise State University, where she specializes in policy and innovation systems associated with energy transitions and industrial development.

If you are interested in submitting a proposal for this series, please contact Annabelle Harris, Editor for Environment and Sustainability:

Series Advisory Board

Morgan Bazilian, Columbia University, Center for Global Energy Policy (US)

Thomas Birkland, North Carolina State University (US)

Aleh Cherp, Central European University (CEU, Budapest) and Lund University

Mohamed El-Ashry, UN Foundation

Jose Goldemberg, Universidade de Sao Paolo (Brasil) and UN Development Program, World Energy Assessment

Michael Howlett, Simon Fraser University (Canada)

Jon Ingimarsson, Landsvirkjun, National Power Company (Iceland)

Michael Jefferson, ESCP Europe Business School

Jessica Jewell, IIASA (Austria)

Florian Kern, University of Sussex, Science Policy Research Unit and Sussex Energy Group (United Kingdom)

Derk Loorbach, DRIFT (Netherlands)

Jochen Markard, ETH (Switzerland)

Nabojsa Nakicenovic, IIASA (Austria)

Martin Pasqualetti, Arizona State University, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning (US)

Mark Radka, UN Environment Programme, Energy, Climate, and Technology

Rob Raven, Utrecht University (Netherlands)

Roberto Schaeffer, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Energy Planning Program, COPPE (Brasil)

Miranda Schreurs, Technische Universität Mūnchen, Bavarian School of Public Policy (Germany)

Vaclav Smil, University of Manitoba and Royal Society of Canada (Canada)

Benjamin Sovacool, Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), University of Sussex, UK

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / Environmental Policy
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Alternative & Renewable