Analysing the narration of the translatio of the body of Saint James from Palestine to Santiago de Compostela and its impact on the historical and biblical construction of Jacobean pilgrimages, this book presents an interdisciplinary approach to the two cities at the centre of the legend: Jerusalem and Compostela. Using a range of political, anthropological, historical and sociological approaches, the contributors consider archaeological research into Palestine in the early centuries and explore the traditions, iconography, and literary and social impact of the translatio on the current reality of pilgrimages to Compostela.
Introduction: A History in Two Cities Antón M. Pazos Part I: St James and his ancient geographies 1. The Historical James Son of Zebedee (Ya‛aqov bar Zabdai), Fisher of Fish and of People Richard Bauckham 2. Temple, Palaces and Markets in the Time of James Son of Zebedee – Urban Topography of Jerusalem in 44 AD Gideon Avni 3. Jerusalem and its Priests in the Days of the Second Temple Tessa Rajak Part II: The translatio: from Jerusalem to Compostela 4. The Origins of the Inventio Santi Iacobi and the Making of a Kingdom: a Historical Framework, 700–850 Carlos Baliñas Pérez 5. The Formulation, Development and Expansion of the translatio of St James Javier García Turza 6. Traditions Relating to St James the Great in the Accounts of Medieval Latin Pilgrims to the Holy Land Denys Pringle 7. The Stones that Sailed across the Sea in Galician Culture José Miguel Andrade Cernadas 8. St James, Son of Zebedee, an Apostle with many Iconographies: Vita, Missio, Passio, Translatio Ramón Yzquierdo Perrín Part III: A two-way traffic route: from Compostela to Jerusalem and return 9. In the Footsteps of James Son of Zebedee: Pilgrims and Crusaders from North-Western Spain in the Holy Land during the Twelfth Century Carlos Andrés González Paz 10. Benjamin of Tudela: In Search of a ‘Jewish Compostela’ Joseph Shatzmiller Epilogue 11. Pilgrimage in the Twenty-first Century Noga Collins-Kreiner