This book provides a comprehensive introduction to and overview of eco-global criminology. Eco-global criminology refers to a criminological approach that is informed by ecological considerations and by a critical analysis that is global in scale and perspective. Based upon eco-justice conceptions of harm, it focuses on transgressions against environments, non-human species and humans.
At the centre of eco-global criminology is analysis of transnational environmental crime. This includes crimes related to pollution (of air, water and land) and crimes against wildlife (including illegal trade in ivory as well as live animals). It also includes those harms that pose threats to the environment more generally (such as global warming). In addressing these issues, the book deals with topics such as the conceptualization of environmental crime or harm, the researching of transnational environmental harm, climate change and social conflict, threats to biodiversity, toxic waste and the transference of harm, prosecution and sentencing of environmental crimes, and environmental victimization and transnational activism.
This book argues that analysis of transnational environmental crime needs to incorporate different notions of harm, and that the overarching perspective of eco-global criminology provides the framework for this.
Transnational Environmental Crime will be an essential resource for students, academics, policy-makers, environmental managers, police, magistrates and others with a general interest in environmental issues.
Table of Contents
1. Transnational Environmental Crime 2. Eco-global Criminology 3. Climate Change 4. Biodiversity 5. Waste and Pollution 6. Perpetrators 7. Environmental Victims 8. Criminal Justice Responses 9. Transnational Activism
Rob White is Professor of Criminology in the School of Sociology and Social Work at the University of Tasmania, Australia. He is also the editor of Controversies in Environmental Sociology (Cambridge University Press), as well as author of Crimes Against Nature: Environmental criminology and ecological justice and editor of both Environmental Crime: A Reader and Global Environmental Harm: Criminological Perspectives (all Willan Publishing).
'This book makes an extraordinarily compelling case for expanding the focus of criminology, considering a host of harms against the environment, non-human species, and humans – harms that transcend national borders and threaten the future of life on our planet. The eco-global approach described in the book provides a framework for conceptualizing these harms and conducting research on them. It is an important addition to the rapidly growing field of green criminology, written by one of the leading scholars in the field, and I enthusiastically recommend it to students, criminologists, and others.' – Robert Agnew, Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Sociology, Emory University
'Human beings draw lines around property, cities, states and nations, lines which we kill and die to protect. But air, water, windblown dust and seeds and migrating animals, pay no heed to human borders.
Within the biosphere, living organisms and their physical surroundings are intermeshed while succeeding generations of people benefit or suffer from the actions of those before them. We need a new class of crimes that take account of the "real" world, and thus transcend our boundaries and span generations. This book is a start at expanding our notions of responsibility and culpability.' – David Suzuki, Co-Founder of the David Suzuki Foundation
'Over the past decades research and literature addressing the topic of so called green criminology have shown a steady, though fragmented increase. With this brilliant book Rob White brings the field a huge step forward by expanding the notion of harm, and by presenting and systematizing the topics encompassed by the field, e.g. the consequences of human consumption, such as climate change, e-waste and deforestation. By providing methodological and theoretical tools as well as a vocabulary we can use to address and understand the field with, this book will be highly cherished both by students of eco-global criminology as well as by experienced scholars. Rob White shows not only why the situation of our planet and all its inhabitants is of deep concern, but also the role criminology can and should play to achieve a better world for all. Rob White has again confirmed that he is in the forefront of the field.' – Professor Ragnhild Sollund, University of Oslo, Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law