Frontiers are "wild." The frontier is a zone of interaction between distinct polities, peoples, languages, ecosystems and economies, but how do these frontier spaces develop? If the frontier is shaped by the policing of borders by the modern-nation state, then what kind of zones, regions or cultural areas are created around borders?
This book provides 16 different case studies of frontiers in Asia and Latin America by interdisciplinary scholars, charting the first steps toward a transnational and transcontinental history of social development in the borderlands of two continents. Transnationalism provides a shared focus for the contributions, drawing upon diverse theoretical perspectives to examine the place-making projects of nation states. Through the lenses of different scales and time frames, the contributors examine the social processes of frontier life, and how the frontiers have been created through the exertions of nation-states to control marginal or borderland peoples. The most significant cases of industrialization, resource extraction and colonization projects in Asia and Latin America are examined in this book reveal the incompleteness of frontiers as modernist spatial projects, but also their creativity - as sources of new social patterns, new human adaptations, and new cultural outlooks and ways of confronting power and privilege. The incompleteness of frontiers does not detract from their power to move ideas, peoples and practices across borders both territorial and conceptual.
In bringing together Asian and Latin American cases of frontier-making, this book points toward a comparativist and cosmopolitan approach in the study of statecraft and modernity. For scholars of Latin America and/or Asia, it brings together historical themes and geographic foci, providing studies accessible to researchers in anthropology, geography, history, politics, cultural studies and other fields of the human sciences.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Distance―Modern Transnational Frontiers
(Jaime Moreno Tejada)
PART 1: THEORIES
Chapter 1. Globalization and Changing Conceptions of Colombia’s Llanos Frontier since 1980
Chapter 2. Frontierization and Defrontierization: Reconceptualizing Frontier Frames
(Greg Acciaioli and Alka Sabharwal)
PART 2: EMPIRES
Chapter 3. Nation and Race in the Historical Juncture of the Haitian Revolution
Chapter 4. Expanding the Japanese empire to the Manchurian frontier: immigration and ethnicity in the South Manchuria Railway towns
PART 3: STATES
Chapter 5. Spatiality, Jurisdiction, and Sovereignty in Early Latin American Approaches to the Law of the Sea (Daniel S. Margolies)
Chapter 6. State Building and Problematic Geo-Political Spaces in South Asia: the Himalayas and the Extradition Treaty of 1855
PART 4: REGIONALISMS AND AGENCY
Chapter 7. Transnational Communities in the Yunnan Borderlands in the 19th and Early 20th Century: Re-thinking the Yunnan Borderlands and Frontier History Writing in China
(Diana Zhidan Duan)
Chapter 8. The Other Sides of the Frontier: Indigenous agency in the construction of borders in Southwest Amazonia
(Louise Cardoso de Mello)
PART 5: REPRESENTATIONS
Chapter 9. Walking with the Gods: The Himalayas as (dis)enchanted landscape
(Christopher A. Howard)
Chapter 10. Constructing and Celebrating a National Object of Desire: The Amazonian Oriente Frontier and Ecuadorian Society, 1900-1946
PART 6: ETHNOGRAPHIES
Chapter 11. Frontier Bali: Local Scales and Levels of Global Processes
Chapter 12. An Ambivalent Nation: Ch'orti' in Eastern Guatemala and Western Honduras
PART 7: ENTANGLED HISTORIES
Chapter 13. Nation-State Building and Transnationalism: Central American Connected Histories
Chapter 14. Infrastructuring the Mekong: Construction of the National Border and Riverbank Development in Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR
PART 8: DIASPORAS
Chapter 15. The Frontier of Belonging: Repatriation and Citizenship of the Overseas Chinese in Colonial Malaya (Low Choo Chin)
Chapter 16. James Tigner and the Okinawan Emigration Program to Latin America
(Pedro Iacobelli D)
Jaime Moreno Tejada is a historical geographer based at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.
Bradley Tatar is a cultural anthropologist based at UNIST, Ulsan, Korea.