Third party conception is a growing phenomenon and provokes a burgeoning range of ethical, legal and social questions. What are the rights of donors, recipients and donor conceived children? How are these reproductive technologies regulated? How is kinship understood within these new family forms?
Written by specialists from three different continents, Transnationalising Reproduction examines a broad range of issues concerning kinship and identity, citizenship and regulation, and global markets of reproductive labour; including gamete donation and gestational surrogacy. Indeed, this book seeks to highlight how reproductive technologies not only makes possible new forms of kinship and family formations, but also how these give rise to new, ethical, political and legal dilemmas about parenthood as well as new modes of discrimination and a re-distribution of medical risks. It also thoroughly investigates the ways in which a commodification of reproductive tissue and labour affects the practices, representations and gendered self-understandings of gamete donors, fertility patients and intended parents in different parts of the world.
With a broad geographical scope, Transnationalising Reproduction offers new empirical and theoretical perspectives on third-party conception and demonstrates the need for more transnational approaches to third-party reproduction. This volume will appeal to postgraduate students and postdoctoral researchers interested in fields such as Gender Studies, Health Care Sciences, Reproductive Technology and Medical Sociology.
Róisín Ryan-Flood & Jenny Gunnarsson Payne
SECTION 1: KINSHIP AND IDENTITY
1. Grammars of Kinship: Biological Motherhood and Assisted Reproduction in the Age of Epigenetics
Jenny Gunnarsson Payne
2. Reproductive technologies and lesbian kinship practices in Brazil
3. The Gendered Gift of Gametes: Sexuality, incest and procreation
4. What Does One Wear to a Sperm Bank? Negotiations of sexuality in sperm donation
SECTION II: REPRODUCING MARKETS
5. Paid to Donate: Egg Donors, Sperm Donors, and Gendered Experiences of Bodily Commodification
6. Reproductive Labour or Reproductive Trafficking? Indian women's reproductive bodies in the globalised bioeconomy
Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta
7.Reproducing Heteronormativity: Gay parenthood and transnational surrogacy in Sweden
8. Becoming your own doctor: Age-restrictions, risks and transnational egg- and embryo donation
Jenny Gunnarsson Payne
SECTION III: CITIZENSHIP AND REGULATION
9. Ethical problems related to legal diversity: Limiting access for non-resident patients in cross-border reproductive care
Wannes Van Hoof and Guido Pennings
10. Embryo donation for research: Citizenship and science
Susana Silva, Catarina Samorinha and Helena Machado
11. Lesbians and Reproductive Healthcare
12. From assisted to selective reproduction: Through the lens of the courts