Originally published in 1985, this volume examines the determinants of transport energy consumption and discusses policies which could modify rising transport energy consumption while still providing the transport services necessary for economic development. The first part of the volume contains an overview of trends in energy consumption followed by an investigation of the relationships expressing basic determinants of transport energy. Although the focus is on developing countries there are other inudstrial and centrally planned economies which are included for reference purposes and to extend the range of policy variables studied. There are detailed case studies from India and Ecuador and the greater detail of these case studies permits the consideration of additional policy variables in the analysis of transport fuel consumption.
Part 1: Overview 1. Introduction 2. Trends and Contrasts in Transport Energy Consumption Part 2: The Determinants of Transport Duel Consumption 3. The Level of Income 4. Prices of Transport Fuels 5. Vehicle Ownership, Demography, Land Use Part 3: Regression Analyses Explaining Transport Energy Variables 6. Explanation Using Only Income and Price Measures 7. Explanation Using an Extended Set of Explanatory Variables Part 4: Case Studies 8. The case of India 9. The Case of Ecuador Part 5: Conclusion 10. Future Transport Consumption and How It Can Be Influenced
In view of the recent decline of the quality of various domestic energy and natural resources and the uncertain nature of the availability of foreign supplies it is becoming increasingly important for many countries to be able to forecast more reliably the demand for energy and resources. Many of the volumes in this set, originally published between 1936 and 1995, provide models with which to measure the impact of policy decisions and technological change. Others analyze and discuss many of the issues which have enduring relevance: ailing global coal mining industries, the advent of new energy forms, increased competition from cheaper sources, strict pollution legislation and the impact that all of these issues have on productivity and employment.