© 2016 – Routledge
Transport Justice develops a new paradigm for transportation planning based on principles of justice. Author Karel Martens starts from the observation that for the last fifty years the focus of transportation planning and policy has been on the performance of the transport system and ways to improve it, without much attention being paid to the persons actually using – or failing to use – that transport system.
There are far-reaching consequences of this approach, with some enjoying the fruits of the improvements in the transport system, while others have experienced a substantial deterioration in their situation. The growing body of academic evidence on the resulting disparities in mobility and accessibility, have been paralleled by increasingly vocal calls for policy changes to address the inequities that have developed over time. Drawing on philosophies of social justice, Transport Justice argues that governments have the fundamental duty of providing virtually every person with adequate transportation and thus of mitigating the social disparities that have been created over the past decades.
Critical reading for transport planners and students of transportation planning, this book develops a new approach to transportation planning that takes people as its starting point, and justice as its end.
Part 1: Introduction
2. Fairness in traditional transportation planning
Part 2: Philosophical explorations
3. Setting the stage
4. The social meaning of transportation
5. Accessibility as a primary good?
6. Insuring for lack of accessibility
7. Defining sufficient accessibility
Part 3: A new approach to transportation planning
8. Transportation planning based on principles of justice
9. Case study: The fairness of Amsterdam's transportation system
10. Seeking transportation justice