Transportation Systems Reliability and Safety: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Transportation Systems Reliability and Safety

1st Edition

By B.S. Dhillon

CRC Press

236 pages | 42 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781439846407
pub: 2011-02-14
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Description

During day-to-day use, thousands of lives are lost each year due to accidents, directly or indirectly, resulting from poor transportation system reliability and safety. In the United States, automobile accidents alone result in around 42,000 deaths per year, costing billions of dollars to the economy each year. A common subject in journal articles and conference proceedings, most of the recent research on transportation systems reliability and safety is scattered in different resources. Until now.

Drawing together the latest research spread throughout the literature, Transportation Systems Reliability and Safety eliminates the need to consult many different and diverse sources to obtain up-to-date information and research. It contains a chapter on mathematical concepts and another chapter on reliability and safety basics that form a foundation for understanding the contents of subsequent chapters. The book also presents a chapter devoted to methods for performing transportation system reliability and safety analysis. It includes a reference section at the end of each chapter for readers who wish to delve deeper into a specific area.

The author clearly and concisely covers topics in such a manner that readers require no previous knowledge to understand the concepts. He provides examples and their solutions as well as numerous problems at the end of each chapter to test reader comprehension. The presentation of historical information paired with recent research give readers a foundation for understanding where the field is now and snapshot of where it may be going.

Reviews

"The book is full of statistics on road, air and marine accidents borrowed from various sources which makes this useful for an interested person to know about. … does not require any background to understand these basics of reliability and safety which is the specialty of most of the books written by Professor Dhillon on these specialized topics. The book will be found useful for a student who is interested in pursuing the subject as a beginner."

— Krishna B. Misra in International Journal of Performability Engineering

Table of Contents

Introduction

Background

Transportation Systems Reliability and Safety Facts, Figures, and Examples

Terms and Definitions

Useful Sources for Obtaining Information on Transportation Systems Reliability and Safety

Scope of the Book

References

Reliability and Safety Mathematics

Introduction

Arithmetic Mean, Mean Deviation, and Standard Deviation

Boolean Algebra Laws

Probability Definition and Properties

Useful Definitions

Probability Distributions

Solving First-Order Differential Equations Using Laplace

Transforms

References

Reliability and Safety Basics

Introduction

Bathtub Hazard Rate Curve

General Reliability-Related Formulas

Reliability Networks

Occupational Stressors and Reasons for Occurrence of Human Error

Human Error Consequences and Classifications

Safety and Engineers

Product Hazard Categories, Common Mechanical Injuries, and Common Causes of Work Injuries

Accident Causation Theories

References

Methods for Performing Transportation System Reliability and Safety Analysis

Introduction

Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA)

Fault-Tree Analysis (FTA)

Markov Method

Hazards and Operability Analysis (HAZOP)

Interface Safety Analysis

Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA)

Job Safety Analysis

Technique of Operations Review (TOR)

References

Transportation System Failures

Introduction

Mechanical-Failure-Related Aviation Accidents

Vehicle Failure Classifications and Defects in Vehicle Parts

Rail Defects and Weld Failures

Mechanical-Failure-Related Delays in Commuter Rail Service

Rail and Road Tanker Failure Modes and Failure Consequences

Ship Failures and Their Causes

Failures in Marine Environments and Microanalysis Techniques for Failure Investigation

Submarine Ship-Control System Performance Monitoring and Fault Localization Process and Benefits

References

Transportation System Reliability Modeling

Introduction

Model I

Model II

Model III

Model IV

Model V

Model VI

Model VII

Model VIII

Model IX

Model X

Model XI

References

Rail Safety

Introduction

Causes of Railway-Related Accidents and Incidents, and Examples of the Causes of Specific Rail Accidents

General Classifications of Rail Accidents by Effects and Causes

Rail Derailment Accidents and Incidents and Their Causes

Telescoping-Related Railway Accidents

Railway Accidents in Selective Countries

Railroad Tank Car Safety

Light-Rail Transit-System Safety-Related Issues

Methods for Performing Rail Safety Analysis

References

Truck and Bus Safety

Introduction

Top Truck and Bus Safety Issues

Truck Safety-Related Facts and Figures

Commonly Cited Truck Safety-Related Problems, Factors Associated with Heavy-Vehicle Accidents, and Safety Culture in the Trucking Industry

Safety-Related Truck Inspection Tips, Safety-Related Tips for Truck Drivers, and Recommendations for Improving Truck Safety

Bus and Coach Occupant Fatalities and Serious Injuries

Transit Bus Safety and Key Design-Related Safety Feature Areas

Vehicle Safety Data Sources

Motor Vehicle Traffic-Related Accidents in Selective Countries

References

Airline and Ship Safety

Introduction

United States Airline-Related Fatalities and Accident Rate

Aircraft Accidents during Flight Phases and Causes of Airplane Crashes

Worldwide Airline Accident Analysis

Air Safety-Related Regulatory Bodies and Their Responsibilities

Aviation Recording and Reporting Systems

Noteworthy Marine Accidents

Ship Safety Assessment

Ship Port-Related Hazards

Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS)

References

Human Error in Rail and Road Transportation Systems

Introduction

Railway System Human-Error-Related Facts, Figures, and Examples

Railway Operation-Related Typical Human Error Occurrence Areas

Railway Personnel Error-Prone Tasks and Error-Contributing Factors in Railway Operations

A Checklist of Statements to Reduce Human Error in Railway Operations

Road Transportation Systems Human-Error-Related Facts and Figures

Driver Error Classifications, Common Driver Errors, and Driver Error Ranking

Operational Influences on the Performance of Commercial Drivers

Bus Accidents and Bus-Accident-Related Driver Errors in Selected Developing Countries

References

Human Error in Aviation and Sea Transportation Systems

Introduction

Aviation Transportation Systems

Sea Transportation Systems

References

Bibliography: Literature on the Reliability and Safety of Transportation Systems

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC009160
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Transport
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety
TEC032000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Quality Control