Biomaterials research requires the union of materials scientists, engineers, biologists, biomedical doctors, and surgeons. Societal implications have invoked tremendous interest in this area of research in recent years. What started as a search for strong and durable implant materials has now led to path-breaking developments in tissue engineering, targeted drug delivery, and tissue scaffolds. Viable applications of mesoporous structures, polymer biocomposites, and fibers (synthetic and natural) in the areas of clinical orthopedics, controlled drug delivery, tissue engineering, orthodontics, etc., have emerged as relatively recent concepts.
This book presents recent results related to both materials aspects and implant issues. The focus is on structural, magnetic, antibacterial, bioactivity/compatibility, mechanical, and other related properties and the implication of these results on biomedical applications. The book discusses technical problems faced by the surgeon during implant fixation in total hip replacement and the selection of materials based on the patient’s requirement. It also addresses recent advances in implant materials, including the reinforcement and biocompatibility issues.
Table of Contents
Bioactive glass and glass-ceramics containing iron oxide: preparation and properties; N. Shankwar et al.
Self-assembly approach for biomaterials development; G. Verma and P. A. Hassan
New trends in bioactive glasses: the importance of mesostructure; S. Murugavel and Chitra Vaid
Natural and synthetic polymer fiber based biomaterials; C. S. Krishna Murthy and B. B. Mandal Biomaterials in total hip joint replacements: the evolution of basic concepts, trends and current limitations—a review; B. Bhaskar et al.
G. P. Kothiyal, superannuated as outstanding scientist and head, Glass and Advanced Ceramics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India, has major areas of specialization in glasses, glass-ceramics, thin crystalline film (by MBE) and bulk single crystal growth. He has published more than 155 research papers in peer-reviewed journals and edited several conference proceedings. Prof. Kothiyal is a recipient of several awards, including the 2009 and 2011 DAE Group Achievement Award, 2009 INS Science Communication Award, and 2002 MRSI Medal lecture Award.
A. Srinivasan, professor in the Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India, is an experimental physicist with research interests in magnetic materials, glasses and glass-ceramics, and thin films. He has authored more than 100 peer-reviewed journal papers. Prof. Srinivasan’s research interests focus on the development of glass and glass-ceramics for electronic, biomedical, and optical applications; development of advanced materials (spintronic materials, ferromagnetic shape memory alloys, soft magnetic alloys, and nanostructured materials); and instrumentation.
"This book gathers an outstanding collection of scientific, technological and practical aspects of biomaterials. It will be useful for researchers and surgeons as well as PhD students, who would need to get an overview of the concepts and the most recent achievements in this field. Written and coordinated by international scientists, Trends in Biomaterials will undoubtedly stand as a reference book for the coming years."
—Prof. Lionel Montagne, University of Lille, France
"The mostly updated studies collected in the book Trends in Biomaterials prepared by the worldwide experts G. P. Kothiyal and A. Srinivasan are addressed to a broad readership ranging from master’s students to experienced researchers from different branches of science: physics, chemistry, biotechnology and medicine. The topics covered in the book are related (but not limited) to bioactive glasses as well as polymer materials for various biomedical applications. The book is thoughtfully composed and well written and gives a good overview of the current state of the art in this field."
—Prof. Michal Piasecki, Jan Dlugosz, University, Poland