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1st Edition

Trepanation




ISBN 9789026519239
Published December 31, 2002 by CRC Press
418 Pages

 
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Book Description

This volume will look at the history of trepanation, the identification of skulls, the tools used to make the cranial openings, and theories as to why trepanation might have been performed many thousands of years ago.

Table of Contents

Discovering Trepanation. Ephraim George Squier's Peruvian Skull and the Discovery of Cranial Trepanation. On the Birth of Trepanation: The Thoughts of Paul Broca and Victor Horsley. The Palaeopathology of Trepanation. The Pathology of Trepanation: Differential Diagnosis, Healing and Dry Bone Appearance in Modern Cases. Trepanation in Europe. Review of Trepanations in British Antiquity Focusing on Funerary Context to Explain their Occurrence. Trepanations and Pseudotrepanations: Evidence of Cranial Surgery from Prehistoric and Early Historic Ireland. Ancient Trepanations and Differential Diagnosis: A Re-evaluation of Skeletal Remains from Denmark. Trepanation in the Portuguese Late Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Man. A Neolithic Case of Cranial Trepanation (Eira Pedrinha, Portugal). New Cases of Cranial Trephination. Celtic Trepanations in Austria. A Bregmatic Ossicle Resembling a Trepanation from An 11th Century Skeleton Excavated from a Cemetery Area Now within Prague Castle, the Czech Republic. Prehistoric Trephinations in Russia: Ritual or Surgical? Cranial Surgery: The Epipalaeolithic to Neolithic Populations of Ukraine. Trepanation in Ancient Egypt. Perforating Skull Trauma in Ancient Egypt and Evidence for Early Neurosurgical Therapy. Trepanation in Asia. Four Cases of Trephination from Mongolia, Showing Surgical Variation. Trepanations and Perforated Crania from Iron Age South Siberia: An Exercise in Differential Diagnosis. Trepanation in America. Trepanation in Prehistoric South America: Geographic and Temporal Trends over 2000 Years. Pre-Columbian Skull Trepanation in North America. Trepanation in Western Medicine. Galen and the Uses of Trepanation. Lorenz Heister (1683-1758) and the 'Bachmann Case': Social Setting and Medical Practice of Trepanation in 18th Century Germany. The Evolution of Cranial Saws and Related Instruments. Global Perspectives. Trepanation from the Palaeolithic to the Internet. Contributions from Medical History and the S

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Editor(s)

Biography

Arnott, Robert; Finger, Stanley; Smith, Chris; Arnott, Robert; Finger, Stanley; Smith, Chris

Reviews

'The History, Discovery and Theory of Trepanation is a finely produced hardback from swets. It is based on a conference held in Birmingham. Paul Broker in 1876 wrote: e practised during the Neolithic Epoch a surgical operation that consisted of opening the cranium. This book is well illustrated and provides a history of this elderly neurosurgical procedure.' -- Christopher Gardner-Thorpe.


'Giving the abscence of any remotely similiar volume in the scientific literature, this collection should be added to the science holdings of every university and college library supporting undergraduate programs in anthropology, archaeology and the history of medicine, as well as large public libraries maintaining detailed scientific collections and museum libraries.' -- Robert B. Ridinger, Northern Illionois University Founders Memorial Library.


'It is a pleasure to find comprehensive treatises on a single subject that brings together scholors from as many and varied fields as are present in this book... This is a physically handsome volume and the whole is well worth reading and digesting.' -- Christopher Knusel, University of Bradford, UK