In 1978 and 1979 revolutions in Afghanistan and Iran marked a shift in the balance of power in South West Asia and the world. Then, as now, the world is once more aware that tribalism is no anachronism in a struggle for political and cultural self-determination. This books provides historical and anthropological perspectives necessary to the eventual understanding of the events surrounding the revolutions.
1. Introduction Richard Tapper 2. State, Tribe and Empire in Afghan Inter-Polity Relations Rob Hager 3. Khan and Khel: Dialectics of Pakhtun Tribalism Jon W. Anderson 4. Tribes and States in the Khyber, 1838-42 Malcolm Yapp 5. Tribes and States in Waziristan Akbar S Ahmed 6. Political Organisation of Pashtun Nomads and the State Bernt Glatzer 7. Abd Al-Rahman’s North West Frontier: The Pashtun Colonisation of Afghan Turkistan Nancy Tapper 8. Why Tribes Have Chiefs: A Case from Baluchistan Philip Carl Salzman 9. Iran and the Qashqai Tribal Confederacy Lois Beck 10. Tribes, Confederation and the State: An Historical Overview of the Bakhtiari and Iran Gene Garthwaite 11. On the Bakhtiari: Comments on ‘Tribes, Confederation and the State’ Jean-Pierre Digard 12. The Enemy Within: Limitations on Leadership in the Bakhtiari David Brooks 13. Kurdish Tribes and the State of Iran: The Case of Simko’s Revolt Martin van Bruinessen 14. Nomads and Commissars in the Mughan Steppe: The Shahsevan Tribes in the Great Game Richard Tapper 15. The Tribal Society and its Enemies Ernest Gellner 16. Tribe and State: Some Concluding Remarks Andrew Strathern